Name = Columbiformes
|fossil_range= - Recent
|image = Streptopelia chinensis NBII.jpg
|image_width = 240px
|ordo = Columbiformes
|ordo_authority = , 17order levitra
|subdivision_ranks = Families
Columbiformes are a that includes the very widespread and successful and , classified in the Columbidae, and the extinct and the , long classified as a second family . 313 species, found worldwide, comprise the Columbiformes order. Like many birds, all Columbiformes are . Unlike most other birds, however, they are capable of drinking by sucking up water, without needing to tilt the head back.
The (sandgrouse) were formerly included in this order largely due to this drinking behavior ("The only other group, however, which shows the same behavior, the Pteroclidae, is placed near the doves just by this doubtlessly very old characteristic and they are now treated separately in the order and are considered to be closer to the shorebirds.
and analyses indicate that the and Rodrigues Solitaire are better considered as a in the Columbidae pending availability of further information.
"Grzimek" "Columbiformes (Pigeons, Doves, and Dodos)"
- Francis Hugh John Crome. Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia. Eds. Michael Hutchins, Dennis A. Thoney, and Melissa C. McDade. Vol. 9: Birds II. 2nd ed. Detroit: Gale, 2004. p 241-246. 17 vols.
- "Birdnet">[Curry, Robert. "Avian Orders: Columbiformes." BirdNet. 1 Nov. 2003. Smithsonian Institution. 11 Aug. 2007 <>.
- cade1>"Drinking Behavior of Mousebirds in the Namib Desert, Southern Africa "; Tom J. Cade and Lewis I. Greenwald; The Auk, V.83, No. 1, January, 1966
- lorenz> K. Lorenz, Verhandl. Deutsch. Zool. Ges., 41 [Zool. Anz. Suppl. 12]: 69-102, 1939
- lorenz/>); more recently, it has been reported that they cannot drink by "sucking" or "pumping"
- Drinking Behavior of Sandgrouse in the Namib and Kalahari Deserts, Africa"; Tom J. Cade, Ernest J. Willoughby, and Gordon L. Maclean; The Auk, V.83, No. 1, January, 1966
- Janoo, Anwar (2005): Discovery of isolated dodo bones [Raphus cucullatus (L.), Aves, Columbiformes] from Mauritius cave shelters highlights human predation, with a comment on the status of the family Raphidae Wetmore, 1930. Annales de PalĂ©ontologie 91: 167â€“180. [English with French abstract] (HTML abstract)</ref><ref>Shapiro, Beth; Sibthorpe, Dean; Rambaut, Andrew; Austin, Jeremy; Wragg, Graham M.; Bininda-Emonds, Olaf R. P.; Lee, Patricia L. M. & Cooper, Alan (2002): Flight of the Dodo. 295: 1683. (HTML abstract)