126,000 to 11,800 years ago
The Late Pleistocene (also known as Upper Pleistocene or the Tarantian) is the final age of the Pleistocene epoch. The beginning of the age is defined by the base of Eemian interglacial phase before final glacial episode of the Pleistocene. 126,000 ± 5,000 years ago. The end of the age is defined exactly at 10,000 Carbon-14 years BP ("before present"). The stage is followed by the Holocene.
Much of the Late Pleistocene was dominated by glaciation (the Wisconsin glaciation in North America and corresponding glacial periods in Eurasia). Much megafauna became extinct over this period, a trend that continued into Holocene. Also, human species other than the modern humans (Homo sapiens sapiens) died out. Humanity spread to every continent except for Antarctica during the Late Pleistocene.
North American Land Mammal Ages within the Late Pleistocene: Rancholabrean age 0.3-0.011 Ma.
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