Pseudofungi

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The Pseudofungi are a group of algae that have lost their chloroplasts, losing their ability to photosynthesize, and have become heterotrophs, many of which are important fish and plant pathogens. They, the Oomycetes especially, were mistakenly classified as being true Fungi, though they were segregated from other fungus groups because their cell walls were made of cellulose and lacked chitin entirely.

<==Pseudofungi
   |  i. s.: Haliphthorus [Haliphthoraceae]
   |         Ectrogellaceae
   |         Sirolpidiaceae
   |--Developayella Tong 1985 [Bigyromonada, Bigyromonadea, Developayellaceae, Developayellales]
   |    `--D. elegans
   `--+--Hyphochytrea
      |    |--Pirsonia [Pirsoniaceae, Pirsoniales]
      |    |    `--P. diademata
      |    `--Hyphochytriales [Hyphochytridiomycetes, Hyphochytridiomycota]
      |         |--Hyphochytrium [Hyphochytriaceae]
      |         |    `--H. catenoides
      |         |--Rhizidiomycetaceae
      |         |    |--Rhizidiomyces apophysatus
      |         |    |--Latrostium
      |         |    `--Elina
      |         `--Anisolpidium [Anisolpidiaceae]
      `--Oomycetes

* Type species of generic name indicated

References

Blackwell, W. H., & M. J. Powell. 1999. Taxonomic summary and reconsideration of the genetic concept of Dictyuchus. Mycotaxon 73: 247-256.

Cavalier-Smith, T. 1997. Sagenista and Bigyra, two phyla of heterotrophic heterokont chromists. Archiv für Protistenkunde 148: 253-267.

Cavalier-Smith, T., & E. E.-Y. Chao. 2006. Phylogeny and megasystematics of phagotrophic heterokonts (kingdom Chromista). Journal of Molecular Evolution 62: 388-420.

Kerry, B. R., & W. M. Hominick. 2002. Biological control. In The Biology of Nematodes (D. L. Lee, ed.) pp. 483-509. Taylor & Francis: Florence (Kentucky).

Moriya, M., T. Nakayama & I. Inouye. 2002. A new class of stramenopiles, Placididea classis nova: Description of Placidia cafeteriopsis gen. et sp. nov. Protist 153: 143-156.

Munroe, T. A. 2002. Herrings. Family Clupeidae. In Bigelow and Schroeder’s Fishes of the Gulf of Maine (B. B. Collette & G. Klein-MacPhee, eds.) 3rd ed. pp. 111-160. Smithsonian Institute Press: Washington.

Prescott, L. M., J. P. Harley & D. A. Klein. 1996. Microbiology (3rd ed.) Wm. C. Brown Publishers: Dubuque (Iowa).

Rodríguez-Ezpeleta, N., H. Brinkmann, S. C. Burey, B. Roure, G. Burger, W. Löffelhardt, H. J. Bohnert, H. Philippe & B. F. Lang. 2005. Monophyly of primary photosynthetic eukaryotes: green plants, red algae, and glaucophytes. Current Biology 15: 1325-1330.

Saldarriaga, J. F., M. L. McEwan, N. M. Fast, F. J. R. Taylor & P. J. Keeling. 2003. Multiple protein phylogenies show that Oxyrrhis marina and Perkinsus marinus are early branches of the dinoflagellate lineage. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53: 355-365.

Simpson, A. G. B., A. J. Roger, J. D. Silberman, D. D. Leipe, V. P. Edgcomb, L. S. Jermiin, D. J. Patterson & M. L. Sogin. 2002. Evolutionary history of “early-diverging” eukaryotes: The excavate taxon Carpediemonas is a close relative of Giardia. Molecular Biology and Evolution 19 (10): 1782-1791.

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Christopher 00:40, 9 August 2009 (UTC)

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