Actinocerida

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m (Origin and Range)
(listed families and genera in Taxomomy)
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==Taxonomy==
==Taxonomy==
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The Actinocerida includes nine families, some 28 genera and numerous species.
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[[Cephalopoda|<==]]Actinocerida (see below for synonymy)
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Order: Actincerida.<br/>
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    |  ''i. s.'': ''Calhounoceras'' Troedsson 1926 T64
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:Family [[Wutinoceratidae]]; genera ''[[Wutinoceras]]'', ''[[Cyrtonybyoceras]]'', ''[[Adamsoceras]]''<br/>
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    |          `--*''C. candelabrum'' Troedsson 1926 T64
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    |        ''Hopeioceras'' Shimizu & Obata 1936 (''n. d.'') T64
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    |          `--*''H. shihlingense'' Shimizu & Obata 1936 T64
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    |        ''Subtofangoceras'' Shimizu & Obata 1936 (n. d.) T64
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    |          `--*''S. liaotungense'' (Endo 1932) (''n. d.'') [=''Sactoceras liaotungense''] T64
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    |--Polydesmiidae T64
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    |    |--''Polydesmia'' Lorenz 1906 (see below for synonymy) T64
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    |    |    |--*''P. canaliculata'' Lorenz 1906 T64
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    |    |    `--''P. zuezshanensis'' T64
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    |    `--''Ordosoceras'' Chang 1959 T64
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    |        `--*''O. sphaeriforme'' Chang 1959 T64
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    |              |--''O. s. sphaeriforme'' T64
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    |              `--''O. s. otoktiensis'' T64
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    |--Huroniidae [Besselsoceratinae, Gigantei] T64
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    |    |--''Discoactinoceras'' Kobayashi 1927 [=''Discoactionoceras'' (''l. c.'')] T64
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    |    |    `--*''D. multiplexum'' Kobayashi 1927 T64
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    |    |--''Huroniella'' Foerste 1924 [incl. ''Besselsoceras'' Shimizu & Obata 1935] T64
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    |    |    |--*''H. inflecta'' (Parks 1915) [=''Huronia inflecta''] T64
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    |    |    `--''H. persiphonata'' T64
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    |    `--''Huronia'' Stokes 1824 T64
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    |        |--*''H. bigsbei'' Stokes 1824 [=''H. bigsbyi''] T64
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    |        |--''H. gaspensis'' Foerste 1936 P68
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    |        |--''H. minuens'' T64
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    |        |--''H. occidentale'' Foerste 1928 P68
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    |        `--''H. paulodilata'' T64
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    |--Gonioceratidae T64
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    |    |--''Lambeoceras'' Foerste 1917 [incl. ''Hoeloceras'' Sweet 1958] T64
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    |    |    |--*''L. lambii'' (Whiteaves 1891) [=''Gonioceras lambii'', ''G. lambei'', ''Tripteroceras'' (*''Lambeoceras'') ''lambii''] T64
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    |    |    |--''L. acutilaterale'' Foerste 1935 P68
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    |    |    |--''L. baffinense'' Miller, Youngquist & Collinson 1954 P68
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    |    |    |--''L. confertum'' P68
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    |    |    |--''L. landerense'' Foerste 1935 P68
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    |    |    |--''L. princeps'' T64
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    |    |    `--''L. richmondensis'' (Foerste 1917) [=''Tripteroceras'' (''Lambeoceras'') ''richmondensis''] P68
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    |    `--''Gonioceras'' Hall 1847 T64
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    |        |--*''G. anceps'' Hall 1847 T64
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    |        |--''G. chaziense'' P68
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    |        |--''G. groenlandicum'' T64
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    |        |--''G. holtedahli'' T64
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    |        |--''G. occidentale'' P68
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    |        `--''G. wulffi'' T64
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    |--Actinoceratidae [Ellinocerataceae, Ellinoceratidae, Floweroceratidae] T64
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    |    |  ''i. s.'': ''Ellinoceras'' Balashov 1960 T64
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    |    |          `--*''E. septicurvatum'' Balashov 1960 T64
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    |    |--''[[Actinoceras]]'' T64
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    |    |--''Troostoceras'' Foerste & Teichert 1930 T64
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    |    |    `--*''T. paulocurvatum'' Foerste & Teichert 1930 T64
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    |    |        |--''T. p. paulocurvatum'' P68
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    |    |        `--''T. p. abbreviatum'' Foerste & Teichert 1930 P68
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    |    |--''Paractinoceras'' Hyatt ''in'' Zittel 1900 T64
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    |    |    |--*''P. canadense'' (Whiteaves 1892) [=''Sactoceras canadense''] T64
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    |    |    |--''P. lamellosum'' P68
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    |    |    `--''P. pusillum'' Ruedemann 1926 P68
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    |    |--''Leurorthoceras'' Foerste 1921 T64
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    |    |    |--*''L. hanseni'' Foerste 1921 T64
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    |    |    |--''L. altopontense'' Foerste & Teichert 1930 P68
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    |    |    |--''L. baffinense'' P68
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    |    |    `--''L. lebanonense'' Foerste & Teichert 1930 P68
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    |    `--+--''Saffordoceras'' Foerste & Teichert 1930 T64
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    |      |    `--*''S. nelsoni'' Foerste & Teichert 1930 T64
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    |      `--+--''Floweroceras'' Miller & Youngquist 1947 T64
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    |          |    `--*''F. boreale'' Miller & Youngquist 1947 T64
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    |          `--''Kochoceras'' Troedsson 1926 [incl. ''Nothoceras'' Eichwald 1860 ''non'' Barrande 1856] T64
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    |              |--*''K. cuneiforme'' Troedsson 1926 T64
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    |              |--''K. ellipticum'' T64
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    |              `--''K. grande'' Foerste 1935 P68
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    `--Armenoceratidae [Nybyoceratinae, Wutinoceratidae] T64
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        |  ''i. s.'': ''Stolbovoceras'' Balashov 1962 T64
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        |          `--*''S. boreale'' Balashov 1962 T64
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        |--+--[[Ormoceratidae]] T64
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        |  `--''Cyrtonybyoceras'' Teichert 1933 T64
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        |      `--*''C. haesitans'' (Billings 1857) [=''Orthoceras haesitans''] T64
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        `--+--+--''[[Armenoceras]]'' T64
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            |  `--+--''Monocyrtoceras'' Foerste 1924 T64
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            |    |    `--*''M. lentidilatatum'' Foerste 1924 T64
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            |    `--''Elrodoceras'' Foerste 1924 T64
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            |          |--*''E. indianense'' (Miller 1892) [=''Cyrtoceras indianense''] T64
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            |          |--''E. abnorme'' T64
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            |          |--''E. cedarvillense'' Foerste 1928 P68
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            |          |--''E. osmanense'' Foerste & Teichert 1930 P68
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            |          `--''E. telleri'' Foerste & Teichert 1930 P68
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            `--+--''Selkirkoceras'' Foerste 1929 T64
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              |    |--*''S. cuneatum'' Foerste 1929 T64
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              |    `--''S. tyndallense'' T64
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              |--''Nybyoceras'' Troedsson 1926 (see below for synonymy) T64
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              |    |--*''N. bekkeri'' (Troedsson 1926) [=''Actinoceras'' (*''Nybyoceras'') ''bekkeri''] T64
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              |    |--''‘Wutinoceras’ exortivum'' D82
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              |    |--''N. foerstei'' Endo 1930 P68
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              |    `--''N. ulrichi'' Foerste & Teichert 1930 P68
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              `--''Megadisocosorus'' Foerste 1925 T64
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                    `--*''M. crassisegmentatus'' Foerste 1925 T64
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                        |--''M. c. crassisegmentatus'' T64
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                        `--''M. c. orientalis'' T64
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Actinocerida [Actinoceracea, Actinoceratida, Actinoceratina, Actinoceratoidea, Actinoceroida, Actinoceroidea, Actinosiphitae, Annulosiphonata, Cochleati]
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:Family [[Actinoceratidae]]; genera ''[[Actinoceras]]'', ''[[Leurothoceras]]'', ''[[Troostoceras]]'', ''[[Paractinoceras]]'', ''[[Kochoceras]]'', ''[[Saffordoceras]]'', ''[[Floweroceras]]'' <br/>
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::Family [[Lambeoceratidae]]' Genus ''Lambeoceras''. <br/>
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::Family ''[[Huroniidae]]''; genera ''Discoactinoceas'', ''Huroniella'', ''Huronia'' <br/>
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''Nybyoceras'' Troedsson 1926 [incl. ''Jeholoceras'' Kobayashi & Matsumoto 1942, ''Pararmenoceras'' Shimizu & Obata 1936, ''Wutinoceras'' Shimizu & Obata 1936] T64
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:Family [[Armenoceratidae]]; genera ''[[Armenoceras]]'', ''[[Selkirkoceras]]'', ''[[Nybyoceras]]'', ?''Megadiscoceras'', ?''Monocyrtoceras'', ?''Elrodoceras'' <br/>     
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::Family [[Gonioceatidae]], Genus ''Gonioceras''.<br/>
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''Polydesmia'' Lorenz 1906 [incl. ''Maruyamaceras'' Kobayashi 1931, ''Maruyamacerina'' Kobayashi 1936, ''Murayamaceras'' (''l. c.'')] T64
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:Family [[Ormoceratidae]], genera ''Ormoceras'', ''Deiroeras'', ?''Cyrtactinoceras''. <br/>
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::? Family [[Carbactinoceratidae]]
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<nowiki>*</nowiki> Type species of generic name indicated
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Family Polydesmiadae.
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==References==
 
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[D82] Dong D.-Y. 1982. Lower Ordovician stromatoporoids of northern Anhui. ''Acta Palaeontologica Sinica'' 21 (5): 577-583.
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==References==
* Flower, R.H. 1957; Studies of the Actinocerida, Memoir 2, New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources, Socorro, NM.  
* Flower, R.H. 1957; Studies of the Actinocerida, Memoir 2, New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources, Socorro, NM.  
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* Flower, R.H. 1976, New American Wutinoceratidae with Review of Actinoceroid Occcurrences in Eastern Hemisphere, Mem 28, Part I, NMBM&MR, Socorro
* Flower, R.H. 1976, New American Wutinoceratidae with Review of Actinoceroid Occcurrences in Eastern Hemisphere, Mem 28, Part I, NMBM&MR, Socorro
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[P68] Purnell, L. R. 1968. Catalog of the Type Specimens of Invertebrate Fossils. Part I: Paleozoic Cephalopoda. ''United States National Museum Bulletin'' 262: 1-198.
 
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[T64] Teichert, C. 1964. Actinoceratoidea. In ''Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology'' pt. K. ''Mollusca 3. Cephalopoda – General Features – Endoceratoidea – Actinoceratoidea – Nautiloidea – Bactritoidea'' (R. C. Moore, ed.) pp. K190-K216. The Geological Society of America and the University of Kansas Press.
 
* Teichert, Curt 1988, Main Features of Cephalopod Evolution Ch2 in The Mollusca Vol 12, Paleontolgy and Neontology of Cephalopods, Clarke and Treuman Eds, Academic Press.  
* Teichert, Curt 1988, Main Features of Cephalopod Evolution Ch2 in The Mollusca Vol 12, Paleontolgy and Neontology of Cephalopods, Clarke and Treuman Eds, Academic Press.  
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'''Credits'''
'''Credits'''
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Most sections John McDonnell, except taxonomy [[User:Christopher|Christopher]] 22:38, 18 January 2011 (UTC)
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[[user:John M|JM]]

Revision as of 03:58, 8 December 2012

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