Angiospermae

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The Angiospermae (flowering plants) are traditionally divided into two subgroups, the [[Dicotyledoneae|dicotyledon]]s and [[Monocotyledones|monocotyledons]] (often shortened to dicots and monocots). Dicotyledons have two [[seed leaf|seed leaves]], flower parts in multiples of four or five, [[vascular tissue]] surrounding the stem and reticulate leaf veins. Monocotyledons have a single seed leaf, flower parts in multiples of three, vascular tissue in bundles and parallel leaf veins. Recent phylogenetic analyses agree, however, that the dicotyledons are paraphyletic to the monocotyledons. The majority of dicotyledons fall in a clade referred to as [[Ranunculidae|eudicots]], marked by possession of [[tricolporate]] pollen. The remainder of the "dicots" - the traditional subclass [[Magnoliidae]] - form the base of the paraphyletic clade. Relationships of the "magnoliids" to the monocots and eudicots are uncertain. All recent studies agree that the so-called ANITA grade (after its component members ''Amborella'', Nymphaeales, Illliciaceae, Trimeniaceae and ''Austrobaileya'') forms the basalmost group of angiosperms. The positions of the other magnoliid groups are unclear, and the arrangement shown below is only one of many possibilities.
The Angiospermae (flowering plants) are traditionally divided into two subgroups, the [[Dicotyledoneae|dicotyledon]]s and [[Monocotyledones|monocotyledons]] (often shortened to dicots and monocots). Dicotyledons have two [[seed leaf|seed leaves]], flower parts in multiples of four or five, [[vascular tissue]] surrounding the stem and reticulate leaf veins. Monocotyledons have a single seed leaf, flower parts in multiples of three, vascular tissue in bundles and parallel leaf veins. Recent phylogenetic analyses agree, however, that the dicotyledons are paraphyletic to the monocotyledons. The majority of dicotyledons fall in a clade referred to as [[Ranunculidae|eudicots]], marked by possession of [[tricolporate]] pollen. The remainder of the "dicots" - the traditional subclass [[Magnoliidae]] - form the base of the paraphyletic clade. Relationships of the "magnoliids" to the monocots and eudicots are uncertain. All recent studies agree that the so-called ANITA grade (after its component members ''Amborella'', Nymphaeales, Illliciaceae, Trimeniaceae and ''Austrobaileya'') forms the basalmost group of angiosperms. The positions of the other magnoliid groups are unclear, and the arrangement shown below is only one of many possibilities.
-
  [[Tracheophyta|<==]]Angiospermae [Angiospermophyta, Anthophyta, Dicotyledoneae]
+
  [[Progymnospermida|<==]]Angiospermae (see below for synonymy)
     |--''Archaefructus'' [Archaefructaceae]
     |--''Archaefructus'' [Archaefructaceae]
     |    |--*''A. liaoningensis''
     |    |--*''A. liaoningensis''
     |    `--''A. sinensis'' Sun, Ji ''et al.'' 2002
     |    `--''A. sinensis'' Sun, Ji ''et al.'' 2002
-
     `--Magnoliidae [Annonanae, Magnolianae, Chloranthineae]
+
     `--+--+--[[Nymphaeales]]
-
        |  ''i. s.'': ''Lactoris'' [Lactoridaceae, Lactoridineae]
+
      |  `--''Amborella'' [Amborellaceae]
-
        |--+--[[Nymphaeales]]
+
      |      `--''A. trichopoda''
-
        |  `--''Amborella'' [Amborellaceae]
+
      `--+--[[Austrobaileyales]]
-
        |      `--''A. trichopoda''
+
          `--+--[[Ranunculidae]]
-
        `--+--[[Austrobaileyales]]
+
            `--+--Chloranthaceae
-
            `--+--[[Ranunculidae]]
+
                |    |  ''i. s.'': ''Chloranthistemon''
-
              `--+--Chloranthaceae
+
                |    |--''Hedyosmum''
-
                  |    |  ''i. s.'': ''Chloranthistemon''
+
                |    `--+--''Chloranthus''
-
                  |    |--''Hedyosmum''
+
                |      `--+--''Sarcandra''
-
                  |    `--+--''Chloranthus''
+
                |          `--''Ascarina''
-
                  |      `--+--''Sarcandra''
+
                `--+--+--[[Magnoliales]]
-
                  |          `--''Ascarina''
+
                  |  `--[[Laurales]]
-
                  `--+--+--[[Magnoliales]]
+
                  `--+--[[Monocotyledones]]
-
                    |  `--[[Laurales]]
+
                      `--+--+--[[Piperales]]
-
                    `--+--[[Monocotyledones]]
+
                        |  `--[[Aristolochiales]]
-
                        `--+--[[Piperales]]
+
                        `--Winterineae
-
                          `--Winterineae
+
                              |--''Drimys'' [Winteraceae, Winterales]
-
                                |--''Drimys'' [Winteraceae, Winterales]
+
                              |    |--''D. piperita''
-
                                |    |--''D. piperita''
+
                              |    `--''D. winteri''
-
                                |    `--''D. winteri''
+
                              `--Canellales
-
                                `--Canellales
+
                                  |--''Canella'' [Canellaceae]
-
                                    |--''Canella'' [Canellaceae]
+
                                  `--''Tasmannia''
-
                                    `--''Tasmannia''
+
 
 +
Angiospermae [Angiospermophyta, Annonanae, Anthophyta, Chloranthineae, Dicotyledoneae, Magnolianae, Magnoliidae]
  Angiospermae ''incertae sedis'':
  Angiospermae ''incertae sedis'':
-
    ''Aristida''
 
-
      |--''A. holathera''
 
-
      |--''A. ramosa''
 
-
      `--''A. stricta''
 
     ''Lycium''
     ''Lycium''
       |--''L. afrum''
       |--''L. afrum''
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     ''Kagenkia oblonga''
     ''Kagenkia oblonga''
     ''Forsythia''
     ''Forsythia''
-
    ''Adenocarpus''
 
-
    ''Echinospartum''
 
     ''Pseudobotrys''
     ''Pseudobotrys''
     ''Leucanthemum vulgare''
     ''Leucanthemum vulgare''
-
     ''Banksia''
+
     ''Agonis''
-
    ''Hakea''
+
      |--''A. flexuosa''
-
    ''Agonis flexuosa''
+
      `--''A. linearifolia''
-
    ''Bossiaea foliolosa''
+
     ''Hoheria angustafolia''
     ''Hoheria angustafolia''
     ''Glyceria''
     ''Glyceria''
       |--''G. aquatica''
       |--''G. aquatica''
       |--''G. fluitans'' [=''Festuca fluitans'']
       |--''G. fluitans'' [=''Festuca fluitans'']
 +
      |--''G. striata''
       `--''G. trinervata''
       `--''G. trinervata''
     ''Chondrilla''
     ''Chondrilla''
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       `--''C. prenanthoides''
       `--''C. prenanthoides''
     ''Acroptilon repens''
     ''Acroptilon repens''
-
    ''Spartium junceum''
 
     ''Cercis siliquastrum''
     ''Cercis siliquastrum''
     ''Santolina marchii''
     ''Santolina marchii''
     ''Cynara cardunculus''
     ''Cynara cardunculus''
-
    ''Cephalanthus''
 
     ''Murraya''
     ''Murraya''
     ''Pometia''
     ''Pometia''
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     ''[[Inga]]''
     ''[[Inga]]''
     ''Erythrina crista-galli''
     ''Erythrina crista-galli''
-
    ''Dicentra cucullaria''
 
     ''Salpichroa''
     ''Salpichroa''
       |--''S. diffusa''
       |--''S. diffusa''
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       `--''D. lycioides''
       `--''D. lycioides''
     ''Parapiptadenia excelsa''
     ''Parapiptadenia excelsa''
-
    ''Crotalaria''
 
-
      |--''C. axillaris''
 
-
      |--''C. beddomeana''
 
-
      |--''C. brownei''
 
-
      |--''C. incana''
 
-
      |--''C. juncea''
 
-
      |--''C. retusa''
 
-
      `--''C. verrucosa''
 
     ''Strobilanthes kunthiana''
     ''Strobilanthes kunthiana''
     Flagellariaceae
     Flagellariaceae
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     ''Donax'' [Marantaceae]
     ''Donax'' [Marantaceae]
       `--''D. canniformis''
       `--''D. canniformis''
-
    ''Morinda''
 
-
      |--''M. citrifolia''
 
-
      `--''M. elliptica''
 
     ''Centotheca lappacea''
     ''Centotheca lappacea''
     ''Clausena excavata''
     ''Clausena excavata''
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     ''Helecia serrata''
     ''Helecia serrata''
     ''Micromelum minatum''
     ''Micromelum minatum''
-
    ''Neonauclea calycina''
 
     ''Parashorea malaanonan''
     ''Parashorea malaanonan''
-
    ''Pavetta''
 
     ''Pronephrium asperum''
     ''Pronephrium asperum''
     ''Schindapsus perakensis''
     ''Schindapsus perakensis''
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     ''Anthoxanthum horsfieldii''
     ''Anthoxanthum horsfieldii''
     ''Pentastemona'' [Pentastemonaceae]
     ''Pentastemona'' [Pentastemonaceae]
-
    ''Romnalda'' [Laxmanniaceae]
 
     Philydraceae
     Philydraceae
       |--''Helmholtzia''
       |--''Helmholtzia''
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       |--''Lilaea''
       |--''Lilaea''
       `--''Tetroncium magellanicum''
       `--''Tetroncium magellanicum''
-
    ''Lavandula''
 
-
      |--''L. multifida'' Linnaeus 1753
 
-
      `--''L. vera''
 
     ''Pileus conica''
     ''Pileus conica''
     ''Plectritis congesta''
     ''Plectritis congesta''
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     ''Mira undulata'' Colenso 1845
     ''Mira undulata'' Colenso 1845
     ''Hippeastrum aulicum''
     ''Hippeastrum aulicum''
 +
    ''Lesquerella fendleri''
 +
    ''Ipomopsis aggregata''
 +
    ''Cyanella'' [Tecophileaceae]
 +
    ''Calochortus longebarbatus''
 +
    ''Ugni molinae''
<nowiki>*</nowiki> Type species of genus indicated
<nowiki>*</nowiki> Type species of genus indicated
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'''Credits'''
'''Credits'''
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intro CKT070123, phylogeny CKT070225
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intro CKT070123, phylogeny CKT070618

Revision as of 12:13, 18 June 2007

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