Bactritida

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Bactritids gave rise to both the Ammonoidea and the Coleoidea but through different families and genera. The Ammonoidea seem to have their origin in the Bactritidae, beginning with '' Lobobacrites'' in the Early Devonian. The Belemnoidea, early coleoids, may have their origin in the genus ''Bactrites'' itself.
Bactritids gave rise to both the Ammonoidea and the Coleoidea but through different families and genera. The Ammonoidea seem to have their origin in the Bactritidae, beginning with '' Lobobacrites'' in the Early Devonian. The Belemnoidea, early coleoids, may have their origin in the genus ''Bactrites'' itself.
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==Phylogeny/Taxonomy==
 
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[[Cephalopoda|<==]]Bactritida (see below for synonymy)
 
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    |  ''i. s.'': ''Cochleiferoceras'' Shimanskiy 1962 E64
 
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    |          `--*''C. cochleiferum'' (Sandberger & Sandberger 1852) [=''Orthoceras cochleiferum''] E64
 
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    |        ''Cyclobactrites'' Shimanskiy 1955 E64
 
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    |          `--*''C. erbeni'' Shimanskiy 1955 E64
 
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    |        ''Devonobactrites'' Shimanskiy 1962 E64
 
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    |          `--*''D. obliquiseptatus'' (Sandberger & Sandberger 1852) [=''Orthoceratites obliquiseptatum''] E64
 
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    |--''Eobactrites'' Schindewolf 1932 E64
 
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    |    `--*''E. sandbergeri'' (Barrande 1867) [=''Bactrites sandbergeri''] E64
 
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    `--+--''Kokenia'' Holzapfel 1895 E64
 
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      |    `--*''K. obliquecostata'' Holzapfel 1895 E64
 
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      |--''Sicilioceras'' Shimanskiy 1954 E64
 
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      |    `--*''S. paternoi'' (Gemmellaro 1887) [=''Orthoceras paternoi''] E64
 
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      |--''Pseudobactrites'' Ferronnière 1921 [incl. ''Bojobactrites'' Horný 1957] E64
 
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      |    |--*''P. bicarinatus'' Ferronnière 1921 [incl. ''Bojobactrites ammonitans'' Horný 1957] E64
 
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      |    `--''P. peneaui'' E64
 
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      |--Protobelemnoidea [Aulacoceratida] E64
 
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      |    |--''Choanoteuthis'' E64
 
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      |    `--''Aulacoceras'' E64
 
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      |--''Ctenobactrites'' Shimanskiy 1951 E64
 
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      |    |--*''C.'' (''Ctenobactrites'') ''costatus'' Shimanskiy 1951 E64
 
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      |    `--''C.'' (''Mirites'' Shimanskiy 1962) E64
 
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      |        `--''C.'' (*''M.'') ''mirus'' Shimanskiy 1954 E64
 
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      |--+--''Lobobactrites'' Schindewolf 1932 E64
 
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      |  |    |--*''L. ellipticus'' (Frech 1897) (see below for synonymy) E64
 
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      |  |    `--''L. timanicus'' E64
 
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      |  `--+--[[Ammonoidea]] E64
 
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      |    `--''Cyrtobactrites'' Erben 1960 E64
 
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      |          |--*''C. sinuatus'' Erben 1960 E64
 
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      |          `--''C. asinuatus'' E64
 
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      |--+--[[Coleoidea]] E64
 
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      |  `--Parabactritidae [Parabactritaceae] E64
 
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      |      |  ''i. s.'': ''‘Orthoceras’ pygmaeum'' E64
 
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      |      |--''Tabantaloceras'' Shimanskiy 1954 E64
 
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      |      |    `--*''T. planum'' Shimanskiy 1954 E64
 
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      |      |--''Aktastioceras'' Shimanskiy 1948 E64
 
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      |      |    `--*''A. kruglovi'' Shimanskiy 1948 E64
 
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      |      |--''Parabactrites'' Shimanskiy 1948 E64
 
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      |      |    `--*''P. ruzhencevi'' Shimanskiy 1948 E64
 
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      |      |--''Microbactrites'' Shimanskiy 1954 E64
 
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      |      |    `--*''M. scorobogatovae'' Shimanskiy 1954 E64
 
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      |      `--''Belemnitomimus'' Shimanskiy 1954 E64
 
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      |            `--*''B. palaeozoicus'' Shimanskiy 1954 E64
 
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      `--''Bactrites'' Sandberger 1843 [incl. ''Hemibactrites'' Shimanskiy 1954; ''Stenoceras'' d’Orbigny 1849] E64
 
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            |--*''B. subconicus'' Sandberger 1843 E64
 
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            |--''B. aciculum'' E64
 
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            |--''B. ausavensis'' E64
 
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            |--''B. buedesheimensis'' E64
 
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            |--''B. carbonarius'' P68
 
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            |--''B. gaitherensis'' Gordon 1964 P68
 
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            |--''B. gracilior'' E64
 
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            |--''B. nevadensis'' E64
 
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            |--''B. primus'' E64
 
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            |--''B. quadrilineatus'' P68
 
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            |--''B. redactus'' Gordon 1964 P68
 
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            |--''B. schlotheimi'' E64
 
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            |--''B. smithianus'' Girty 1909 P68
 
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            |--''B. tenuicinctum'' P68
 
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            `--''B. warthini'' Miller 1938 P68
 
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Bactritida [Bactritacea, Bactritaceae, Bactritidae, Bactritina, Bactritoidea, Bojobactritidae, Ctenobactritidae, Lobobactritidae]
 
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<nowiki>*</nowiki>''Lobobactrites ellipticus'' (Frech 1897) [=''Bactrites ellipticus''; incl. ''B. carinatus'' Sandberger & Sandberger 1852 ''non Orthoceratites carinatus'' Münster 1840] E64
 
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<nowiki>*</nowiki> Type species of generic name indicated
 
==References==
==References==
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[E64] Erben, H. K. 1964. Bactritoidea. In ''Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology'' pt. K. ''Mollusca 3. Cephalopoda – General Features – Endoceratoidea – Actinoceratoidea – Nautiloidea – Bactritoidea'' (R. C. Moore, ed.) pp. K491-K505. The Geological Society of America and the University of Kansas Press.
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Erben, H. K. 1964. Bactritoidea. In ''Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology'' pt. K. ''Mollusca 3. Cephalopoda – General Features – Endoceratoidea – Actinoceratoidea – Nautiloidea – Bactritoidea'' (R. C. Moore, ed.) pp. K491-K505. The Geological Society of America and the University of Kansas Press.
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[P68] Purnell, L. R. 1968. Catalog of the Type Specimens of Invertebrate Fossils. Part I: Paleozoic Cephalopoda. ''United States National Museum Bulletin'' 262: 1-198.
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'''Credits'''
'''Credits'''
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Introduction John M 4/20/10; phylogeny [[User:Christopher|Christopher]] 09:33, 25 January 2011 (UTC)
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John M 4/20/10

Latest revision as of 03:33, 18 July 2014

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