Carangoidei

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(revised dendrogram)
 
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  [[Percoidei|<==]]Carangoidei
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'''Carangoidei''' is a clade of [[Percomorpha]] including the roosterfish, cobia, remoras, dolphinfish, and the jackfishes.  The earliest members of this taxon date back to the late Paleocene.
 +
 
 +
  [[Carangimorpha|<==]]Carangoidei
     |--Nematistiidae
     |--Nematistiidae
     |--+--''Rachycentron'' [Rachycentridae]
     |--+--''Rachycentron'' [Rachycentridae]
     |  |    `--''R. canadus'' (Linnaeus 1766) [=''Gasterosteus canadus'']
     |  |    `--''R. canadus'' (Linnaeus 1766) [=''Gasterosteus canadus'']
-
     |  |--''Coryphaena'' [Coryphaenidae]
+
     |  `--[[Echeneoidea]]
-
    |  |    |--''C. equisetis''
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-
    |  |    `--''C. hippurus'' Linnaeus 1758
+
-
    |  `--Echeneidae [Echeneiformes]
+
-
    |      |--''Phtheirichthys lineatus'' (Menzies 1791) [=''Echeneis lineatus'']
+
-
    |      |--''Echeneis''
+
-
    |      |    |--''E. naucrates'' Linnaeus 1758 [=''Leptecheneis naucrates'']
+
-
    |      |    `--''E. naucratoides''
+
-
    |      `--''Remora''
+
-
    |            |--*''R. remora'' (Linnaeus 1758) [=''Echeneis remora'']
+
-
    |            |--''R. albescens'' (Schlegel 1850) [=''Echeneis albescens'']
+
-
    |            `--''R. brachyptera'' (Lowe 1839)
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     `--[[Carangidae]]
     `--[[Carangidae]]
-
         |--''[[Archaeus oblonga]]''
+
         | ''i. s.'': ''[[Archaeus oblonga]]''
-
         |--''Chloroscombrus chrysurus''
+
         |         ''Naucrates ductor'' (Linnaeus 1758) (see below for synonymy)
-
        |--''Naucrates ductor'' (Linnaeus 1758) [=''Gasterosteus ductor''; incl. ''N. indicus'' Lesson 1830]
+
         |         ''Elagatis bipinnulata'' (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) (see below for synonymy)
-
         |--''Elagatis bipinnulata'' (Quoy & Gaimard 1824)
+
         |         ''Megalapsis cordyla'' (Linnaeus 1758) [=''Scomber cordyla'']
-
         |--''Megalapsis cordyla'' (Linnaeus 1758) [=''Scomber cordyla'']
+
         |         ''Absalom radiatus''
-
         |--''Gnathanodon speciosus'' (Forskål 1775) (see below for synonymy)
+
         |         ''Selaroides leptolepis'' (Cuvier 1833) (see below for synonymy)
-
        |--''Absalom radiatus''
+
         |         ''Seriolina nigrofasciata''
-
         |--''Selaroides leptolepis'' (Cuvier 1833) (see below for synonymy)
+
         |         ''Naucratopsis hippos''
-
         |--''Seriolina nigrofasciata''
+
         |         ''[[Caranx]]''
-
         |--''Naucratopsis hippos''
+
         |         ''[[Carangoides]]''
-
         |--''[[Caranx]]''
+
         |         ''Zonichthys nigrofasciata'' (Rüppell 1828) (see below for synonymy)
-
         |--''[[Carangoides]]''
+
         |         ''Ferdauia laticaudis'' (Alleyne & Macleay 1877) [=''Caranx laticaudis'']
-
         |--''Zonichthys nigrofasciata'' (Rüppell 1828) [=''Nomeus nigrofasciata'', ''Seriola nigrofasciata'']
+
         |         ''Ulua''
-
        |--''Elegatis bipinnulatus'' (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) (see below for synonymy)
+
         |           |--''U. mandibularis'' (Macleay 1883) (see below for synonymy)
-
         |--''Ferdauia laticaudis'' (Alleyne & Macleay 1877) [=''Caranx laticaudis'']
+
         |           `--''U. mentalis''
-
         |--''Ulua''
+
         |         ''Alectis''
-
         |   |--''U. mandibularis'' (Macleay 1883) [=''Caranx mandibularis'', ''Carangoides mandibularis'']
+
         |           |--''A. ciliaris'' (Bloch 1787) [=''Zeus ciliaris'', ''Caranx ciliaris'']
-
         |   `--''U. mentalis''
+
         |           `--''A. indicus'' (Rüppell 1828) (see below for synonymy)
-
         |--''Alectis''
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         |        ''Chorinemus''
-
         |   |--''A. ciliaris'' (Bloch 1787) [=''Zeus ciliaris'', ''Caranx ciliaris'']
+
        |          |--''C. lysan'' (Forskål 1775) (see below for synonymy)
-
         |   `--''A. indicus'' (Rüppell 1828) (see below for synonymy)
+
         |           |--''C. orientalis'' Schlegel 1844
-
         |--''Chorinemus''
+
         |           |--''C. sanctipetri'' Cuvier 1831 [=''Scomberoides sanctipetri'']
-
         |   |--''C. orientalis'' Schlegel 1844
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         |          |--''C. tala'' Cuvier 1831 [incl. ''C. toloo'' Peters 1876]
-
         |   `--''C. tala'' Cuvier 1831 [incl. ''C. toloo'' Peters 1876]
+
         |           `--''C. tol'' Cuvier 1831 [=''Scomberoides tol'']
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         |--''Oligoplites saurus'' (Bloch & Schneider 1801)
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         |         ''Oligoplites saurus'' (Bloch & Schneider 1801)
-
        |    |--''O. s. saurus''
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         |           |--''O. s. saurus''
-
         |   `--''O. s. inornatus''
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         |           `--''O. s. inornatus''
-
        |--''Selene''
+
         |         ''Alepes''
-
         |   |--''S. dorsalis''
+
         |           |--''A. djedaba'' [incl. ''A. malam'']
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         |   |--''S. setapinnis'' (Mitchill 1815)
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         |           |--''A. kalla''
-
         |   `--''S. vomer'' (Linnaeus 1758)
+
         |           `--''A. megalaspis'' (Bleeker 1853) [=''Selar megalaspis'']
-
         |--''Alepes''
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         |         ''Scomberoides tala''
-
         |   |--''A. djedaba'' [incl. ''A. malam'']
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         |         ''Decapterus''
-
         |   |--''A. kalla''
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         |           |--''D. macarellus'' (Cuvier 1833)
-
         |   `--''A. megalaspis'' (Bleeker 1853) [=''Selar megalaspis'']
+
         |           |--''D. macrosoma'' Bleeker 1851
-
         |--''Scomberoides''
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         |           |--''D. pinnulatus'' (Eydoux & Souleyet 1841) [=''Caranx pinnulatus'']
-
        |    |--''S. lysan'' (see below for synonymy)
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         |           `--''D. russellii''
-
        |    |--''S. tala''
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         |         ''Selar''
-
         |   `--''S. tol'' (Cuvier 1831) [=''Chorinemus tol'']
+
         |           |--''S. boops'' (Cuvier 1833) [=''Caranx boops'']
-
        |--''Decapterus''
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         |           |--''S. crumenophthalmus'' (Bloch 1793) (see below for synonymy)
-
         |   |--''D. macarellus'' (Cuvier 1833)
+
         |           |--''S. kalla'' (Cuvier 1833) [=''Caranx kalla''; incl. ''C. kuhlii'' Bleeker 1859]
-
         |   |--''D. macrosoma'' Bleeker 1851
+
         |           |--''S. macrurus'' Bleeker 1851 [incl. ''Carangoides milnensis'' Whitley 1949]
-
         |   |--''D. pinnulatus'' (Eydoux & Souleyet 1841) [=''Caranx pinnulatus'']
+
         |           |--''S. malam'' Bleeker 1852
-
         |   `--''D. russellii''
+
         |           `--''S. mate'' (Cuvier 1833) (see below for synonymy)
-
         |--''Selar''
+
         |         ''Seriola''
-
         |   |--''S. boops'' (Cuvier 1833) [=''Caranx boops'']
+
         |           |--''S. dumerili'' (Risso 1810) (see below for synonymy)
-
         |   |--''S. crumenophthalmus'' (Bloch 1793) (see below for synonymy)
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         |           |--''S. lalandi''
-
         |   |--''S. kalla'' (Cuvier 1833) [=''Caranx kalla''; incl. ''C. kuhlii'' Bleeker 1859]
+
         |           |--''S. peruana''
-
         |   |--''S. macrurus'' Bleeker 1851 [incl. ''Carangoides milnensis'' Whitley 1949]
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         |           |--''S. quinqueradiata''
-
         |   |--''S. malam'' Bleeker 1852
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         |           |--''S. rivoliana'' Cuvier 1833
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         |   `--''S. mate'' (Cuvier 1833) (see below for synonymy)
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         |           `--''S. zonata'' (Mitchill 1815)
-
         |--''Seriola''
+
         |         ''[[Trachicaranx tersus]]''
-
         |   |--''S. dumerili'' (Risso 1810) (see below for synonymy)
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-
         |   |--''S. lalandi''
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-
         |   |--''S. peruana''
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-
         |   |--''S. quinqueradiata''
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-
         |   |--''S. rivoliana'' Cuvier 1833
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-
         |   `--''S. zonata'' (Mitchill 1815)
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-
         |--''[[Trachicaranx tersus]]''
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         |--''Trachinotus''
         |--''Trachinotus''
         |    |--''T. anak''
         |    |--''T. anak''
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         |    |--''T. russelli''
         |    |--''T. russelli''
         |    `--''T. teraia''
         |    `--''T. teraia''
-
         `--''Trachurus''
+
         `--+--+--''Chloroscombrus chrysurus'' (Linnaeus 1766)
-
              |--*''T. trachurus'' (Linnaeus 1758) (see below for synonymy)
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            |  `--''Gnathanodon speciosus'' (Forskål 1775) (see below for synonymy)
-
              |--''T. declivis''
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            `--+--''Selene''
-
              |--''T. lathami'' Nichols 1920
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              |    |--''S. dorsalis'' (Gill 1863)
-
              |--''T. mccullochi''
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              |    |--''S. setapinnis'' (Mitchill 1815)
-
              |--''T. mediterraneus''
+
              |    `--''S. vomer'' (Linnaeus 1758)
-
              |--''T. murphyi''
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              `--''Trachurus''
-
              |--''T. picturatus''
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                    |--*''T. trachurus'' (Linnaeus 1758) (see below for synonymy)
-
              `--''T. symmetricus''
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                    |--''T. declivis''
 +
                    |--''T. lathami'' Nichols 1920
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                    |--''T. mccullochi''
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                    |--''T. mediterraneus''
 +
                    |--''T. murphyi''
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                    |--''T. picturatus''
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                    `--''T. symmetricus''
''Alectis indicus'' (Rüppell 1828) [=''Scyris indicus''; incl. ''Citula gallus'' Bleeker 1868, ''Caranx gallus'']
''Alectis indicus'' (Rüppell 1828) [=''Scyris indicus''; incl. ''Citula gallus'' Bleeker 1868, ''Caranx gallus'']
-
''Elegatis bipinnulatus'' (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) [=''Seriola bipinnulatus'', ''Seriolichthys bipinnulatus'']
+
''Chorinemus lysan'' (Forskål 1775) [=''Scomber lysan'', ''Scomberoides lysan''; incl. ''Scomberoides commersonianus'' Bleeker 1868, ''Lichia tolooparah'' Rüppell 1828, ''Scomberoides tolooparah'']
 +
 
 +
''Elagatis bipinnulata'' (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) [=''Seriola bipinnulatus'', ''Seriolichthys bipinnulatus'']
''Gnathanodon speciosus'' (Forskål 1775) [=''Scomber speciosus'', ''Caranx speciosus''; incl. ''C. obtusiceps'' Macleay 1883]
''Gnathanodon speciosus'' (Forskål 1775) [=''Scomber speciosus'', ''Caranx speciosus''; incl. ''C. obtusiceps'' Macleay 1883]
-
''Scomberoides lysan'' (Forskål 1775) [=''Scomber lysan''; incl. ''Scomberoides commersonianus'' Bleeker 1868, ''Chorinemus sanctipetri'' Cuvier 1831, ''Scomberoides sanctipetri'', ''Lichia tolooparah'' Rüppell 1828, ''Scomberoides tolooparah'']
+
''Naucrates ductor'' (Linnaeus 1758) [=''Gasterosteus ductor''; incl. ''N. indicus'' Lesson 1830]
''Selar crumenophthalmus'' (Bloch 1793) [=''Scomber crumenophthalmus'', ''Caranx'' (''Selar'') ''crumenophthalmus'', ''Trachurops crumenophthalmus''; incl. ''C. atun'' Thiollière 1857, ''C. macrophthalmus'' de Beaufort 1913]
''Selar crumenophthalmus'' (Bloch 1793) [=''Scomber crumenophthalmus'', ''Caranx'' (''Selar'') ''crumenophthalmus'', ''Trachurops crumenophthalmus''; incl. ''C. atun'' Thiollière 1857, ''C. macrophthalmus'' de Beaufort 1913]
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''Seriola dumerili'' (Risso 1810) [=''Caranx dumerili''; incl. ''S. parilis'', ''S. purpurascens'' Pohl 1884, ''S. simplex'', ''S. tapeinometopon'' Bleeker 1878]
''Seriola dumerili'' (Risso 1810) [=''Caranx dumerili''; incl. ''S. parilis'', ''S. purpurascens'' Pohl 1884, ''S. simplex'', ''S. tapeinometopon'' Bleeker 1878]
-
''Trachinotus botla'' (Shaw 1803) [=''Scomber botla''; incl. ''T. coppingeri'' Günther 1884, ''T. moralii'' Thiollière 1857]
+
''Trachinotus botla'' (Shaw 1803) [=''Scomber botla''; incl. ''T. coppingeri'' Günther 1884, ''Seriola morali'' Montrouzier ''in'' Thiollière 1857 (''n. n.''), ''T. moralii'' Thiollière 1857]
<nowiki>*</nowiki>''Trachurus trachurus'' (Linnaeus 1758) [=''Scomber trachurus''; incl. ''Caranx ginal'' Thiollière 1857]
<nowiki>*</nowiki>''Trachurus trachurus'' (Linnaeus 1758) [=''Scomber trachurus''; incl. ''Caranx ginal'' Thiollière 1857]
 +
 +
''Ulua mandibularis'' (Macleay 1883) [=''Caranx mandibularis'', ''Carangoides mandibularis'']
 +
 +
''Zonichthys nigrofasciata'' (Rüppell 1828) [=''Nomeus nigrofasciata'', ''Seriola nigrofasciata'']
<nowiki>*</nowiki> Type species of generic name indicated
<nowiki>*</nowiki> Type species of generic name indicated
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==Description==
 
-
Carangoidei is a taxon of perches including the roosterfish, cobia, remoras, dolphinfish, and the jackfishes.  The earliest members of this taxon date back to the late Paleocene.
 
==References==
==References==
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Klein-MacPhee, G. 2002. Jacks. Family Carangidae. In ''Bigelow and Schroeder’s Fishes of the Gulf of Maine'' (B. B. Collette & G. Klein-MacPhee, eds.) 3rd ed. pp. 411-427. Smithsonian Institute Press: Washington.
Klein-MacPhee, G. 2002. Jacks. Family Carangidae. In ''Bigelow and Schroeder’s Fishes of the Gulf of Maine'' (B. B. Collette & G. Klein-MacPhee, eds.) 3rd ed. pp. 411-427. Smithsonian Institute Press: Washington.
 +
 +
Li, B., A. Dettaï, C. Cruaud, A. Couloux, M. Desoutter-Meniger & G. Lecointre. 2009. RNF213, a new nuclear marker for acanthomorph phylogeny. ''Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution'' 50: 345-363.
Munro, I. S. R. 1958. The fishes of the New Guinea region: A check-list of the fishes of New Guinea incorporating records of species collected by the Fisheries Survey Vessel “Fairwind” during the years 1948 to 1950. ''Papua and New Guinea Agricultural Journal'' 10 (4): 97-369 (reprinted 1958. ''Territory of Papua and New Guinea Fisheries Bulletin'' no. 1).
Munro, I. S. R. 1958. The fishes of the New Guinea region: A check-list of the fishes of New Guinea incorporating records of species collected by the Fisheries Survey Vessel “Fairwind” during the years 1948 to 1950. ''Papua and New Guinea Agricultural Journal'' 10 (4): 97-369 (reprinted 1958. ''Territory of Papua and New Guinea Fisheries Bulletin'' no. 1).
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'''Credits'''
'''Credits'''
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[[User:Christopher|Christopher]] 10:36, 28 November 2008 (UTC)
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[[User:Christopher|Christopher]] 08:47, 16 April 2009 (UTC)

Latest revision as of 08:47, 16 April 2009

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