Cephalopoda

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The Coleoidea remain an important and remarkably successful group of marine invertebrates to this day.  Meanwhile, only a few species of pearly nautilus continue as the last survivors of the once important Nautiloidea.
The Coleoidea remain an important and remarkably successful group of marine invertebrates to this day.  Meanwhile, only a few species of pearly nautilus continue as the last survivors of the once important Nautiloidea.
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===Phylogeny/Taxonomy===
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===Phylogeny===
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[[Mollusca|<==]]Cephalopoda [Ellesmerocerida, Nautiloidea, Octopodia, Tetrabranchiata]
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For detailed phylogeny, see [[Cephalopoda phylogeny]].
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    |--''Protactinoceras'' [Protactinoceratida] H87
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    |    `--''P. magnitubulum'' H87
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-
    |--+--Plectronoceratida H87
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    |  |    |  ''i. s.'': ''Lunanoceras precordium'' H87
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-
    |  |    `--[[Plectronoceratidae]] STK64
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-
    |  |--[[Discosorida]] H87
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-
    |  `--''Archendoceras'' [Yanhecerida] H87
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-
    |      `--''A. conipartitum'' H87
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-
    `--Ellesmeroceratida H87
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        |  ''i. s.'': ''Acaroceras endogastrum'' H87
+
-
        |        ''Huaihecerina elegans'' H87
+
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        |--''Shideleroceras'' Flower & Foerste ''in'' Flower 1946 [Shideleroceratidae] FG64
+
-
        |    `--*''S. sinuatum'' Foerste ''in'' Flower 1946 FG64
+
-
        |--+--[[Baltoceratidae]] STK64
+
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        |  `--Angusteradulata DM92
+
-
        |      |--[[Michelinoceratida]] STK64
+
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        |      `--[[Bactritida]] STK64
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-
        |--+--[[Ellesmeroceratidae]] FG64
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-
        |  `--+--[[Endoceratoidea]] STK64
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        |    `--[[Actinocerida]] P98
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        |--+--[[Bassleroceratidae]] STK64
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        |  `--+--[[Tarphycerida]] STK64
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        |    |--[[Barrandeocerida]] STK64
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        |    `--+--[[Oncocerida]] STK64
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        |        `--[[Nautilida]] STK64
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        |--''Cyrtocerina'' Billings 1865 [Cyrtocerinidae] FG64
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        |    |--*''C. typica'' Billings 1865 FG64
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        |    |--''C. crenulata'' Flower 1952 P68
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        |    |--''C. foerstei'' Flower 1952 P68
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        |    |--''C. kimmswickense'' Flower 1952 P68
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        |    |--''C. madisonensis'' FG64
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        |    `--''C. schoolcrafti'' Clarke 1897 P68
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        |--Bathmoceratidae [Eothinoceratidae] STK64
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        |    |--''Eothinoceras'' Ulrich, Foerste ''et al.'' 1944 FG64
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        |    |    |--*''E. americanum'' Ulrich, Foerste ''et al.'' 1944 FG64
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        |    |    `--''E. maitlandi'' FG64
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        |    `--''Bathmoceras'' Barrande 1867 [=''Bothmoceras'' (''l. c.'')] FG64
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        |        |--*''B. complexum'' (Barrande 1856) [=''Orthoceras complexum''] FG64
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        |        |--''B. linnarssoni'' FG64
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        |        `--''B. tennesseense'' Ulrich, Foerste ''et al.'' 1944 P68
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        `--Protocycloceratidae [Apocrinoceratidae, Endocycloceratidae, Rudolfoceratidae] STK64
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              |--''[[Protocycloceras]]'' FG64
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              |--''Apocrinoceras'' Teichert & Glenister 1954 FG64
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              |    `--*''A. talboti'' Teichert & Glenister 1954 FG64
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              |--''Diastoloceras'' Teichert & Glenister 1954 FG64
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              |    `--*''D. perplexum'' Teichert & Glenister 1954 FG64
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              |--''Kyminoceras'' Teichert & Glenister 1954 FG64
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              |    `--*''K. forresti'' Teichert & Glenister 1954 FG64
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              |--''Notocycloceras'' Teichert & Glenister 1954 FG64
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              |    `--*''N. yurabiense'' Teichert & Glenister 1954 FG64
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              |--''Rudolfoceras'' Ulrich, Foerste ''et al.'' 1944 [incl. ''Orygoceras'' Ruedemann 1906 ''non'' Brusina 1882] FG64
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              |    `--*''R. cornuoryx'' (Whitfield 1886) [=''Orthoceras cornuoryx''] FG64
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              |--''Vassaroceras'' Ulrich, Foerste ''et al.'' 1944 FG64
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              |    `--*''V. henrietta'' (Dwight 1884) [=''Orthoceras henrietta''] FG64
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              |--''Ectocycloceras'' Ulrich & Foerste 1936 FG64
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              |    |--*''E. cataline'' (Billings 1865) [=''Orthoceras cataline''] FG64
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              |    `--''E. cato'' FG64
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              |--''Walcottoceras'' Ulrich & Foerste 1936 FG64
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              |    |--*''W. monsense'' (Walcott 1924) [=''Endoceras monsensis''] FG64
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              |    `--''W. obliquum'' Ulrich, Foerste ''et al.'' 1944 P68
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-
              |--''Endocycloceras'' Ulrich, Foerste ''et al.'' 1944 FG64
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              |    |--*''E. wilsonae'' Ulrich, Foerste ''et al.'' 1944 FG64
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              |    |--''E. legorense'' Ulrich, Foerste ''et al.'' 1944 P68
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              |    |--''E. perannulatum'' Ulrich, Foerste ''et al.'' 1944 P68
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              |    `--''E. subcurvatum'' Ulrich, Foerste ''et al.'' 1944 P68
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              `--''Catoraphiceras'' Ulrich & Foerste 1936 FG64
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                  |--*''C. lobatum'' Ulrich & Foerste 1936 FG64
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                  |--''C. colon'' FG64
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                  |--''C. cushingi'' Ulrich, Foerste ''et al.'' 1944 P68
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                  |--''C. foerstei'' P68
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                  |--''C. osagense'' Ulrich, Foerste ''et al.'' 1944 P68
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                  |--''C. resseri'' Ulrich, Foerste ''et al.'' 1944 P68
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                  `--''C. vaginatum'' FG64
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Cephalopoda ''incertae sedis'':
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  ''Tapashanites'' PE02
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  ''Pseudotirolites asiatica'' PE02
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-
  ''Pseudogrammoceras'' PE02
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-
  ''Denckmannia'' DC01
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-
  ''Esericeras'' DC01
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-
  ''Pleydellia subcompta'' DC01
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-
  ''Belemnella'' CP02
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    |--''B. casimirovensis'' CP02
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-
    |--''B. lanceolata'' CP02
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-
    `--''B. occidentalis'' CP02
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-
  ''Belemnitella'' S98
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-
    |--''B. americana'' JD05
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-
    |--''B. junior'' CP02
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-
    |--''B. langei'' CP02
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-
    |--''B. minor'' CP02
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-
    `--''B. schmidti'' Christensen & Schulz 1997 S98
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  ''Dimitobelus'' CF03
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-
    |--''D. hectori'' CF03
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-
    `--''D. stimulus'' RC02
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-
  ''Phoenixites frechi'' GR97
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  ''Holzapfeloceras'' D02
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    |--*''H. convolutum'' (Holzapfel 1895) D02
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    `--''H. croyi'' House 1978 D02
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  ''Parodiceras'' D02
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  ''Werneroceras'' D02
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  ''Maenioceras terebratum'' (Sandberger & Sandberger 1856) D02
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  ''Gomiprotomeroceras'' (''nom. inv.'') D02
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-
    `--''G. acutum'' Sobolew 1914 D02
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-
  ''Wedekindella brilonensis'' (Kayser 1872) D02
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-
  ''Pseudoprobeloceras polonicum'' (Sobolew 1914) D02
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-
  ''Archoceras'' D02
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-
    |--''A. tataense'' Bensaïd 1974 D02
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-
    `--''A. varicosum'' (Drevermann 1901) D02
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-
  ''Ponticeras'' D02
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-
  ''Acanthoclymenia genundewa'' (Clarke 1898) D02
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-
  ''Epitornoceras mithracoides'' (Frech 1887) D02
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-
  ''Linguatornoceras'' [incl. ''Truyolsoceras''] D02
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-
    |--''L. clausum'' (Glenister 1958) D02
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-
    |--''L. compressum'' (Clarke 1899) D02
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-
    `--''‘Truyolsoceras’ undulatum'' (Sandberger & Sandberger 1856) D02
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-
  ''Beloceras acutodorsatum'' Dybczyński 1913 D02
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-
  ''Crickites holzapfeli'' Wedekind 1913 D02
+
-
  ''Crassotornoceras belgicum'' (Matern 1931) D02
+
-
  ''Siemiradzkia'' P87
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-
  ''Arkelloceras tozeri'' Frebold 1951 P87
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-
  ''Parachondroceras filicostatum'' Imlay 1967 P87
+
-
  ''Imlayoceras'' Frebold 1963 P87
+
-
  ''Talkeetnites'' Imlay 1980 P87
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-
  ''Longaeviceras'' P87
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-
  ''Chamoussetia'' P87
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-
  ''Xenocephalites'' [incl. ''Cadoceras'' (''Oligocadoceras'' Meledina 1977)] P87
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-
    |--''‘Arcticoceras’ crassicostatum'' P87
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-
    `--''‘Arcticoceras’ loveanum'' P87
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-
  ''Goniocamax lundgreni'' S98
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-
  ''Gonioteuthis praewesfalica'' S98
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-
  ''Actinocamax'' S98
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-
    |--''A. quadratus'' W26
+
-
    `--''A. verus'' S98
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-
        |--''A. v. verus'' S98
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-
        `--''A. v. antefragilis'' S98
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-
  ''Teicherticeras'' TC71
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-
    |--''T. desideratum'' TC71
+
-
    `--''T. lissovi'' TC71
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-
  ''Talenticeras'' TC71
+
-
  ''Mimosphinctes'' TC71
+
-
  ''Miklukhoceras pamiricum'' Pavlov 1967 ZL04
+
-
  ''Prostacheoceras'' Ruzhencev 1937 [Cycloloboidea, Vidrioceratidae] ZL04
+
-
    |--*''P. juresanensis'' (Maximova 1935) [=''Marathonites juresanensis''] ZL04
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-
    |--''P. alter'' Leonova 1989 ZL04
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-
    `--''P. oshense'' (Toumanskaya 1938) ZL04
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-
  ''Schreyerites binodosus'' (Hauer 1851) SC04
+
-
  ''Paraceratites'' SC04
+
-
    |--''P. brembanus'' (Mojsisovics 1882) SC04
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-
    `--''P. trinodosus'' (Mojsisovics 1882) SC04
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-
  ''Synpharciceras clavilobum'' (Sandberger & Sandberger 1850) KK02
+
-
  ''Acrimeroceras falcisulcatum'' Becker 1993 KK02
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-
  ''Prolobites'' KK02
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-
    |--''P. aktubensis'' Bogoslovsky 1969 KK02
+
-
    `--''P. delphinus'' (Sandberger & Sandbergber 1850) KK02
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-
  ''Clistoceras globosum'' Nassichuk 1967 KK02
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-
  ''Nathorstites maconnelli'' (Whiteaves 1889) KK02
+
-
  ''Mayaites'' (''Araucanites'') ''stipanicici'' Westermann & Riccardi 1975 KK02
+
-
  ''Hibolithes catlinensis'' E01
+
-
  ''Amaltheus'' Montfort 1808 [Amaltheidae] BR05
+
-
  ''Hedstroemoceras'' Foerste 1930 T64
+
-
    `--*''H. haelluddenense'' Foerste 1930 T64
+
-
  ''Rhyncolite'' Biguet 1819 (see below for synonymy) TMNZ64
+
-
    |--*''R. hirundo'' Biguet 1819 [=*Rhombocheilus hirundo, *Rhyncholithes hirundo] TMNZ64
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-
    |--''‘Rhyncholitus’'' (''l. c.'') ''duplicatus'' Münster 1829 TMNZ64
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-
    |--''‘Rhyncolites’ gigantea'' d’Orbigny 1825 [=*''Longocapuchones gigantea'', ''Rhyncholithes giganteus''] TMNZ64
+
-
    |--''R. larus'' Biguet 1819 TMNZ64
+
-
    `--''R. mouette'' Biguet 1819 TMNZ64
+
-
  ''Conchorhynchus'' de Blainville 1827 [=''Conchorchynchus'' (''l. c.''), ''Onchorhynchus'' (''l. c.'')] TMNZ64
+
-
    `--''C. avirostris'' (von Schlotheim 1820) (see below for synonymy) TMNZ64
+
-
  ''Tillicheilus'' Shimanskiy 1947 [incl. ''Unguibeccus'' Shimanskiy 1949 (''n. n.'')] TMNZ64
+
-
    |--*''T. obtusus'' (Till 1906) [=''Rhyncholithes obtusus''] TMNZ64
+
-
    `--''T. sella'' TMNZ64
+
-
  ''Rhynchoteuthis'' d’Orbigny 1847 [=''Rhynchotenthis'' (''l. c.''), ''Rhynchotheutis'' Till 1906] TMNZ64
+
-
    |--*''R. astierianus'' d’Orbigny 1847 TMNZ64
+
-
    |--''R. kaibabensis'' TMNZ64
+
-
    `--''R. sonii'' TMNZ64
+
-
  ''[[Hadrocheilus]]'' TMNZ64
+
-
  ''Palaeoteuthis'' d’Orbigny 1849 [=''Palaeotheutis'' Till 1906] TMNZ64
+
-
    `--*''P. honoratianus'' d’Orbigny 1850 TMNZ64
+
-
  ''Scaptorrhynchus'' Bellardi 1871 [=''Scaptorhynchus'' (''l. c.'')] TMNZ64
+
-
    `--*''S. miocenicus'' Bellardi 1873 TMNZ64
+
-
  ''Leptocheilus'' Till 1907 TMNZ64
+
-
    |--''L.'' (''Leptocheilus'') TMNZ64
+
-
    |    |--*''L.'' (''L.'') ''geyeri'' Till 1907 TMNZ64
+
-
    |    `--''L.'' (''L.'') ''excavatus'' TMNZ64
+
-
    `--''L.'' (''Mesocheilus'' Till 1909) TMNZ64
+
-
        `--''L.'' (*''M.'') ''proceroides'' (Till 1909) [=*''Mesocheilus proceroides''] TMNZ64
+
-
  ''Akidocheilus'' Till 1907 TMNZ64
+
-
    |--''A.'' (''Akidocheilus'') TMNZ64
+
-
    |    |--*''A.'' (''A.'') ''ambiguus'' Till 1907 TMNZ64
+
-
    |    `--''A.'' (''A.'') ''tauricus'' TMNZ64
+
-
    `--''A.'' (''Planecarpula'' Shimanskiy 1947) TMNZ64
+
-
        `--''A.'' (*''P.'') ''infirus'' Shimanskiy 1947 TMNZ64
+
-
  ''Gonatocheilus'' Till 1907 TMNZ64
+
-
    `--*''G. brunneri'' (Ooster 1857) [=''Rhynchoteuthis brunneri''] TMNZ64
+
-
  ''Erlangericheilus'' Shimanskiy 1947 TMNZ64
+
-
    `--*''E. insignis'' Shimanskiy 1947 TMNZ64
+
-
  Neptunoceratidae T64
+
-
    |--''Neptunoceras'' Shimanskiy 1949 T64
+
-
    |    `--*''N. sakmarense'' Shimanskiy 1949 T64
+
-
    `--''Tetrapleuroceras'' Shimanskiy 1949 T64
+
-
        `--*''T. karpinskyi'' Shimanskiy 1949 T64
+
-
  ''Dartoceras'' Foerste 1936 T64
+
-
    `--*''D. nodosum'' Foerste 1936 T64
+
-
  ''Achelois'' de Montfort 1808 (''n. d.'') T64
+
-
    `--*''A. pyramidatum'' de Montfort 1808 (''n. d.'') T64
+
-
  ''Amblyceras'' Glockner 1842 (''n. d.'') T64
+
-
    `--*''A. rittbergense'' Glockner 1842 (''n. d.'') T64
+
-
  ''Bisiphites'' de Montfort 1808 (''n. d.'') T64
+
-
  ''Curvites'' Petter 1959 (''n. d.'') T64
+
-
  ''Deltoceras'' Hyatt 1894 (''n. d.'') T64
+
-
    `--*''D. planum'' Hyatt 1894 (''n. d.'') T64
+
-
  ''Diadiploceras'' Hyatt 1884 (''n. d.'') T64
+
-
  ''Gyrocerus'' King 1844 (''n. d.'') T64
+
-
  ''Koleoceras'' Portlock 1843 (''n. d.'') [=''Coleoceras'' (''l. c.'')] T64
+
-
  ''Nautilites'' Pallas 1771 (''n. d.'') T64
+
-
    `--*''N. complanatus'' Pallas 1771 (''n. d.'') T64
+
-
  ''Oceanus'' de Montfort 1808 (''n. d.'') T64
+
-
    `--*''O. flammeus'' de Montfort (''n. d.'') T64
+
-
  ''Parksoceras'' Foerste & Savage 1927 (''n. d.'') T64
+
-
    `--*''P. lepidodendroides'' (Parks 1915) [=''Orthoceras'' (''Thoracoceras'') ''lepidodendroides''] T64
+
-
  ''Pteronautilus'' Meek ''in'' Meek & Hayden 1865 (''n. d.'') T64
+
-
    `--*''P. seebachianus'' (Geinitz 1861) (''n. d.'') [=''Nautilus seebachianus''] T64
+
-
  ''Schoulgoceras'' Shimanskiy 1951 (''n. d.'') T64
+
-
  ''Ungeroceras'' Sturgeon & Miller 1948 (''n. d.'') T64
+
-
    `--*''U. ungeri'' Sturgeon & Miller 1948 (''n. d.'') T64
+
-
  ''Gasconoceras'' P68
+
-
    |--''G. obesum'' Foerste 1936 P68
+
-
    `--''G. planiventrum'' Foerste 1936 P68
+
-
 
+
-
''Conchorhynchus avirostris'' (von Schlotheim 1820) [=''Lepadites avirostris''; incl. *''C. ornatus'' de Blainville 1827, ''Rhyncolites gaillardoti'' d’Orbigny 1825, ''Rhyncholites gaillardoti'', ''Sepia gaillardoti''] TMNZ64
+
-
 
+
-
''Rhyncolite'' Biguet 1819 [=''Nautilorhynchus'' Frič 1910, ''Rhombocheilus'' Shimanskiy 1947, ''Rhyncholites'' Zieten 1830, ''Rhyncholithes'' de Blainville 1827, ''Rhyncholithus'' Bronn 1853, ''Rhyncholitus'' (''l. c.''), ''Rhyncolites'' d’Orbigny 1825, ''Rhyncholythes'' (''l. c.''); incl. ''Longocapuchones'' Shimanskiy 1947] TMNZ64
+
-
 
+
-
<nowiki>*</nowiki> Type species of generic name indicated
+
-
 
+
-
==''References'' ==
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[BR05] Bouchet, P., J.-P. Rocroi, J. Frýda, B. Hausdorf, W. Ponder, Á. Valdés & A. Warén. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. ''Malacologia'' 47 (1-2): 1-397.
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[CP02] Christopher, R. A., & D. C. Prowell. 2002. A palynological biozonation for the Maastrichtian stage (Upper Cretaceous) of South Carolina, USA. ''Cretaceous Research'' 23: 639-669.
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[CF03] Cruickshank, A. R. I., & R. E. Fordyce. 2003. A new marine reptile (Sauropterygia) from New Zealand: Further evidence for a Late Cretaceous austral radiation of cryptoclidid plesiosaurs. ''Palaeontology'' 45 (3): 557-575.
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[DC01] Delsate, D., & L. Candoni. 2001. Description de nouveaux morphotypes dentaires de Batomorphii toarciens (Jurassique inférieur) du Bassin de Paris: Archaeobatidae nov. fam. ''Bull. Soc. Nat. Luxemb.'' 102: 131-143.
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[DM92] Doguzhaeva, L. A., & H. Mutvei. 1992. Radula of the early Cretaceous ammonite ''Aconeceras'' (Mollusca: Cephalopoda). ''Palaeontographica Abteilung A: Paläozoologie – Stratigraphie'' 223: 167-177.
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[D02] Dzik, J. 2002. Emergence and collapse of the Frasnian conodont and ammonoid communities in the Holy Cross Mountains, Poland. ''Acta Palaeontologica Polonica'' 47: 565-650.
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[E01] Eagle, M. K. 2001. A new species of ''Cottreauaster'' (Asteroidea: Echinodermata) from the Middle Jurassic of New Zealand. ''Records of the Auckland Museum'' 37: 93-100.
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[FG64] Furnish, W. M., & B. F. Glenister. 1964. Nautiloidea - Ellesmerocerida. In ''Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology'' pt. K. ''Mollusca 3. Cephalopoda – General Features – Endoceratoidea – Actinoceratoidea – Nautiloidea – Bactritoidea'' (R. C. Moore, ed.) pp. K129-K159. The Geological Society of America and the University of Kansas Press.
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[GR97] Girard, C., E. Robin, R. Rocchia, L. Froget & R. Feist. 1997. Search for impact remains at the Frasnian-Famennian boundary in the stratotype area, southern France. ''Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology'' 132: 391-397.
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[H87] Holland, C. H. 1987. The nautiloid cephalopods: a strange success story. ''Journal of the Geological Society'' 144 (1): 1-15.
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'''Credits'''   
'''Credits'''   
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text © M. Alan Kazlev 1998-2002; dendrogram and references [[User:Christopher|Christopher]] 07:21, 30 January 2011 (UTC) with revisions by John M 2010
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© M. Alan Kazlev 1998-2002 with revisions by John M 2010.

Revision as of 07:23, 30 January 2011

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