Cetacea

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* [TH93] - Thewissen, JGM & ST Hussain (1993)  
* [TH93] - Thewissen, JGM & ST Hussain (1993)  
* [Z98] - Zimmer, C (1998)
* [Z98] - Zimmer, C (1998)
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== Systematics ==
 
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[[Cetartiodactyla|<==]]Cetacea [Archaeoceti, Pakicetidae]
 
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    |  ''i. s.'': ''Himalayacetus'' Bajpai & Gingerich 1998
 
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    |        ''Ichthyolestes'' Dehm & Oettingen-Spielberg 1958
 
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    |          `--''I. pinfoldi''
 
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    |        ''Prionodelphis'' rovereti Frenguelli 1922
 
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    |--''Nalacetus'' Thewissen & Hussain 1998
 
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    |    `--''N. ratimitus''
 
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    `--+--''[[Pakicetus]]'' Gingerich & Russell 1981
 
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      |    |--''P. attocki'' (West 1980)
 
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      |    `--''P. inachus'' Gingerich & Russell 1981
 
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      `--+--[[Ambulocetidae]]
 
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          |    |--''Gandakasia'' Dehm & Oettingen-Spielberg 1958
 
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          |    `--''Ambulocetus'' Thewissen ''et al.'' 1994
 
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          |        `--''A. natans''
 
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          `--+--[[Remingtonocetidae]]
 
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            |    |--''Andrewsiphius'' Sahni & Mishra 1975
 
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            |    |--''Remingtonocetus'' Kumar & Sahni 1986
 
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            |    |--''Dalanistes'' Gingerich ''et al.'' 1995
 
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            |    |--''Attockicetus'' Thewissen & Hussain 2000
 
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            |    `--''Kutchicetus''
 
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            `--+--+--[[Basilosauridae]]
 
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                |  `--Autoceta
 
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                |      |--[[Mysticeti]]
 
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                |      `--[[Odontoceti]]
 
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                `--[[Protocetidae]]
 
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                    |--''Babiacetus'' Trivedy & Satsangi 1984
 
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                    |--''Gaviacetus'' Gingerich ''et al.'' 1995
 
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                    |--''Takracetus'' Gingerich ''et al.'' 1995
 
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                    |--''Natchitochia'' Uhen 1998
 
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                    |--''Qaisracetus'' Gingerich ''et al.'' 2001
 
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                    |--''Artiocetus'' Gingerich, ul Haq ''et al.'' 2001
 
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                    |    `--*''A. clavis'' Gingerich, ul Haq ''et al.'' 2001
 
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                    |--''Protocetus'' Fraas 1904
 
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                    |    `--*''P. atavus'' Fraas 1904
 
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                    |--''Eocetus'' Fraas 1904 (see below for synonymy)
 
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                    |    `--*''E. schweinfurthi'' (Fraas 1904) [=''Mesocetus schweinfurthi'']
 
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                    |--''Pappocetus'' Andrews 1920
 
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                    |    `--*''P. lugardi'' Andrews 1920
 
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                    |--''Indocetus'' Sahni & Mishra 1975
 
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                    |    `--''I. ramani'' Sahni & Mishra 1975
 
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                    |--''Georgiacetus'' Hulbert ''et al.'' 1998
 
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                    |    `--''G. vogtlensis''
 
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                    `--''Rodhocetus'' Gingerich, Raza ''et al.'' 1994
 
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                          |--*''R. kasranii''
 
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                          `--''R. balochistanensis'' Gingerich, ul Haq ''et al.'' 2001
 
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''Eocetus'' Fraas 1904 [incl. ''Mesocetus'' Fraas 1904 ''nec'' van Beneden 1880 ''nec'' Moreno 1892]
 
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<nowiki>*</nowiki> Type species of generic name indicated
 
== External links ==
== External links ==
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Bajpai, S. & P. D. Gingerich 1998. ''[http://www.pnas.org/content/95/26/15464.abstract A new Eocene archaeocete (Mammalia, Cetacea) from India and the time of origin of whales]'' Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA) 95:15464-15468.  
Bajpai, S. & P. D. Gingerich 1998. ''[http://www.pnas.org/content/95/26/15464.abstract A new Eocene archaeocete (Mammalia, Cetacea) from India and the time of origin of whales]'' Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA) 95:15464-15468.  
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Barnes, L. G., D. P. Domning & C. E. Ray. 1985. Status of studies on fossil marine mammals. ''Marine Mammal Science'' 1 (1): 15-53.
 
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Barnes, L. G., & E. Mitchell. 1978. Cetacea. In ''Evolution of African Mammals'' (V. J. Maglio & H. B. S. Cooke, eds.) pp. 582-602. Harvard University Press: Cambridge (Massachusetts).
 
Carroll, R. L. 1988. ''Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution'' WH Freeman & Co., 698 pp.  
Carroll, R. L. 1988. ''Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution'' WH Freeman & Co., 698 pp.  
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Gatesy, J., & M. A. O’Leary. 2001. Deciphering whale origins with molecules and fossils. ''Trends in Ecology and Evolution'' 16 (10): 562-570.
 
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Geisler, J. H., & A. E. Sanders. 2003. Morphological evidence for the phylogeny of Cetacea. ''Journal of Mammalian Evolution'' 10 (1-2): 23-129.
 
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Gingerich, P. D. 1992. Marine mammals (Cetacea and Sirenia) from the Eocene of Gebel Mokattam and Fayum, Egypt: Stratigraphy, age, and paleoenvironments. ''University of Michigan Papers on Paleontology'' 30: i-ix, 1-84.
 
Gingerich, P. D. 1998. ''Paleobiological perspectives on Mesonychia, Archaeoceti, and the origin of whales'' '''in:''' JGM Thewissen [ed.] The Emergence of Whales, Plenum Press pp 423-449.   
Gingerich, P. D. 1998. ''Paleobiological perspectives on Mesonychia, Archaeoceti, and the origin of whales'' '''in:''' JGM Thewissen [ed.] The Emergence of Whales, Plenum Press pp 423-449.   
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Gingerich, P. D. 2003. Land-to-sea transition in early whales: Evolution of Eocene Archaeoceti (Cetacea) in relation to skeletal proportions and locomotion of living semiaquatic mammals. ''Paleobiology'' 29 (3): 429-454.
 
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Gingerich, P. D., M. ul Haq, I. S. Zalmout, I. H. Khan & M. S. Malkani. 2001. Origin of whales from early artiodactyls: Hands and feet of Eocene Protocetidae from Pakistan. ''Science'' 293: 2239-2242.
 
Luo, Z. X. 1998. ''Homology and transformation of cetacean ectotympanic structures'' '''in:''' JGM Thewissen [ed.], The Emergence of Whales, Plenum Press pp 269-301.  
Luo, Z. X. 1998. ''Homology and transformation of cetacean ectotympanic structures'' '''in:''' JGM Thewissen [ed.], The Emergence of Whales, Plenum Press pp 269-301.  
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O'Leary, M. A. 1998. Phylogenetic and morphometric reassessment of the dental evidence for a mesonychian and cetacean clade. In ''The Emergence of Whales'' (J. G. M. Thewissen, ed.) pp. 133-161. Plenum Press: New York.
 
Thewissen, JGM 1998. ''Cetacean origins: evolutionary turmoil during the invasion of the oceans'' '''in:''' JGM Thewissen [ed.], The Emergence of Whales, Plenum Press pp 451-464.   
Thewissen, JGM 1998. ''Cetacean origins: evolutionary turmoil during the invasion of the oceans'' '''in:''' JGM Thewissen [ed.], The Emergence of Whales, Plenum Press pp 451-464.   
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Thewissen, J. G. M., E. M. Williams, L. J. Roe & S. T. Hussain. 2001. Skeletons of terrestrial cetaceans and the relationship of whales to artiodactyls. ''Nature'' 413: 277-281.
 
Thewissen, J. G. M. & S. T. Hussain 1993. ''[http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v361/n6411/abs/361444a0.html Origin of underwater hearing in whales.]'' Nature 361: 444-445.  
Thewissen, J. G. M. & S. T. Hussain 1993. ''[http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v361/n6411/abs/361444a0.html Origin of underwater hearing in whales.]'' Nature 361: 444-445.  
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== Credits ==
== Credits ==
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[[User:Christopher|Christopher]] 19:28, 4 June 2008 (PDT)
 
[[User:Fedor|Fedor]] 12:12, 11 November 2008 (UTC)
[[User:Fedor|Fedor]] 12:12, 11 November 2008 (UTC)
ATW031016.
ATW031016.

Latest revision as of 06:38, 8 November 2012

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