Chamaeleonidae

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m (Chameleon moved to Chamaeleonidae: proper taxon name)
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{{otheruses}}
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<center> Genera of '''Chamaeleonidae'''
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{{distinguish|Charmeleon}}
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*''[[Bradypodion]]''<br>
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{{Taxobox
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*''[[Calumma]]''<br>
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| name = Chameleon
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*''[[Chamaeleo]]''<br>
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| image = Camaleón.jpg
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*''[[Furcifer]]''<br>
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| image_caption = [[Common Chameleon]], ''Chamaeleo chamaeleon''
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*''[[Kinyongia]]''<br>
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| regnum = [[Animal]]ia
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*''[[Nadzikambia]]''<br>
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| phylum = [[Chordate|Chordata]]
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*''[[Brookesia]]''<br>
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| classis = [[Reptile|Reptilia]]
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*''[[Rieppeleon]]''<br>
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| ordo = [[Squamata]]
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*''[[Rhampholeon]]''</center>
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| subordo = [[Iguania]]
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| familia = '''Chamaeleonidae'''
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| subdivision_ranks = Genera
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| subdivision =
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''[[Bradypodion]]''<br>
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''[[Calumma]]''<br>
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''[[Chamaeleo]]''<br>
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''[[Furcifer]]''<br>
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''[[Kinyongia]]''<br>
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''[[Nadzikambia]]''<br>
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''[[Brookesia]]''<br>
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''[[Rieppeleon]]''<br>
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''[[Rhampholeon]]''
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}}
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The family '''Chamaeleonidae''' are a distinctive and highly specialized [[clade]] of [[lizard]]s.  They are distinguished by their parrot-like [[zygodactyl]]ous feet, their separately mobile and [[stereoscopic]] eyes, their very long, highly modified, and  rapidly extrudable tongues, their swaying gait, and the possession by many of a [[prehensile]] tail, crests or horns on their distinctively shaped heads, and the synonymous ability to change color.  Uniquely adapted for climbing and visual hunting, the approximately 160 species of chameleon range from [[Africa]], [[Madagascar]], and [[Spain]], across south [[Asia]], to [[Sri Lanka]], have been introduced to [[Hawaii]] and [[California]], and are found in warm habitats that vary from [[rain forest]] to [[desert]] conditions.   
The family '''Chamaeleonidae''' are a distinctive and highly specialized [[clade]] of [[lizard]]s.  They are distinguished by their parrot-like [[zygodactyl]]ous feet, their separately mobile and [[stereoscopic]] eyes, their very long, highly modified, and  rapidly extrudable tongues, their swaying gait, and the possession by many of a [[prehensile]] tail, crests or horns on their distinctively shaped heads, and the synonymous ability to change color.  Uniquely adapted for climbing and visual hunting, the approximately 160 species of chameleon range from [[Africa]], [[Madagascar]], and [[Spain]], across south [[Asia]], to [[Sri Lanka]], have been introduced to [[Hawaii]] and [[California]], and are found in warm habitats that vary from [[rain forest]] to [[desert]] conditions.   
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[[Image:mellers.chameleon.bristol.zoo.arp.jpg|thumb|right|[[Meller's Chameleon]], ''Chamaeleo melleri'']]
[[Image:mellers.chameleon.bristol.zoo.arp.jpg|thumb|right|[[Meller's Chameleon]], ''Chamaeleo melleri'']]
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==As a metaphor==
 
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When a person is described as chameleon, the reference to the animal is generally a commentary on the person's ability to blend into various social situations, often to mean the person has no true values, or that he quickly abandons them in company if it's convenient to do so.<ref>http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/chameleon</ref> "Chameleons" are also people who can change their personality and appearance with ease, morphing into a seemingly different person, such as an accomplished actor or model.
 
==Video==
==Video==
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== External links ==
== External links ==
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{{Commons|Chamaeleonidae}}
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{{wikispecies|Chamaeleonidae}}
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*[http://www.archive.org/details/chamaeleontidae27wern Werner, Franz (1911) Chamaeleontidae. Verlag von R. Friedlander und Sohn. (German)]
*[http://www.archive.org/details/chamaeleontidae27wern Werner, Franz (1911) Chamaeleontidae. Verlag von R. Friedlander und Sohn. (German)]
*[http://www.chameleonnews.com/ Chameleons! Online E-zine]
*[http://www.chameleonnews.com/ Chameleons! Online E-zine]

Revision as of 21:50, 29 March 2009

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