Crassulaceae

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The '''Crassulaceae''' are a family of plants with succulent leaves, found throughout the Northern Hemisphere and Africa.  The name comes from Latin, meaning "greasy," in reference to the shiny leaves of the jade plants, genus ''[[Crassula]]''.  "Crassulacean Acid Metabolism" photosynthesis, or CAM photosynthesis, where gaseous carbon dioxide is bound to crassulacean acid at night, was first discovered in this family.  Many of the genera, especially ''Crassula'', ''Sempervivum'', ''Kalanchoe'', and ''Sedum'', are grown throughout the world as ornamentals and houseplants.
The '''Crassulaceae''' are a family of plants with succulent leaves, found throughout the Northern Hemisphere and Africa.  The name comes from Latin, meaning "greasy," in reference to the shiny leaves of the jade plants, genus ''[[Crassula]]''.  "Crassulacean Acid Metabolism" photosynthesis, or CAM photosynthesis, where gaseous carbon dioxide is bound to crassulacean acid at night, was first discovered in this family.  Many of the genera, especially ''Crassula'', ''Sempervivum'', ''Kalanchoe'', and ''Sedum'', are grown throughout the world as ornamentals and houseplants.
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[[Saxifragales|<==]]Crassulaceae
 
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    |  ''i. s.'': ''[[Rhodiola]]''
 
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    |        ''Rosularia marnieri''
 
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    |        ''Aeonium arboreum''
 
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    |        ''Umbilicus''
 
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    |          |--''U. horizontalis''
 
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    |          `--''U. rupestris'' (Salisb.) Dandy 1948
 
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    |--''Crassula'' [Crassuloideae]
 
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    |    |  ''i. s.'': ''C. colorata''
 
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    |    |        ''C. decumbens''
 
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    |    |        ''C. exserta''
 
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    |    |        ''C. moschata''
 
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    |    |        ''C. natans''
 
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    |    |        ''C. pedicellosa''
 
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    |    |        ''C. peduncularis''
 
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    |    `--''C.'' sect. ''Glomeratae''
 
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    |        |--''C. basaltica''
 
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    |        |--''C. campestris'' (Ecklon & Zeyh.) Endlicher ''in'' Walpers 1843 (see below for synonymy)
 
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    |        `--''C. tillaea''
 
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    `--Sempervivoideae [Cotyledonoideae, Echeverieae, Sedoideae]
 
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        |--''Sempervivum''
 
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        |    |--''S. montanum''
 
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        |    `--''S. tectorum''
 
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        |--''Kalanchoe'' [Kalanchoeae]
 
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        |    |--''K. blossfeldiana''
 
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        |    `--''K. pinnata''
 
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        `--''Sedum''
 
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              |--''S. album'' Linnaeus 1753
 
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              |--''S. caespitosum'' (Cavanilles) de Candolle 1828
 
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              |--''S. cepaea'' [incl. ''S. galioides'', ''S. spathulatum'']
 
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              |--''S. dasyphyllum''
 
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              |--''S. gagei''
 
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              |--''S. henrici-robertii''
 
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              |--''S. holei''
 
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              |--''S. litoreum''
 
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              |--''S. magae''
 
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              |--''S. oreades''
 
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              |--''S. perpusillum''
 
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              |--''S. przewalskii''
 
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              |--''S. pulchellum''
 
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              |--''S. reflexum''
 
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              |--''S. repens''
 
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              |--''S. roborowskii''
 
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              |--''S. sexangulare''
 
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              |--''S. trullipetalum''
 
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              `--''S. tuberiferum''
 
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''Crassula campestris'' (Ecklon & Zeyh.) Endlicher ''in'' Walpers 1843 [=''Tetraphyle campestre'' Ecklon & Zeyh. 1837; incl. ''C. pentandra'' ssp. ''catalaunica'' Vigo & Terradas 1969]
 
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<nowiki>*</nowiki> Type species of generic name indicated
 
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== References ==
 
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Andersen, J. C. 1927. Popular names of New Zealand plants. ''Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute'' 57: 905-977.
 
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Brullo, S., G. Campo, C. Marcenò, S. Romano & G. Siracusa. 1998. ''Crassula campestris'' (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Endl. (Crassulaceae), a new record for the Italian flora. ''Willdenowia'' 28: 53-58.
 
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Candolle, A. de. 1855a. ''Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle'' vol. 1. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.
 
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Candolle, A. de. 1855b. ''Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle'' vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.
 
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Dobzhansky, T. 1951. ''Genetics and the Origin of Species'', 3rd ed. Columbia University Press: New York.
 
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Gibson, N., & G. J. Keighery. 2000. Flora and vegetation of the Byenup-Muir reserve system, south-west Western Australia. ''CALMScience'' 3 (3): 323-402.
 
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Greuter, W., & T. Raus (eds.) 1998. Med-Checklist Notulae, 17. ''Willdenowia'' 28: 163-174.
 
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Körner, C., & P. Cochrane. 1983. Influence of plant physiognomy on leaf temperature on clear midsummer days in the Snowy Mountains, south-eastern Australia. ''Acta Œcologica Œcologiae Plantae'' 4 (2): 117-124.
 
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Kulip, J. 2003. An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal and other useful plants of Muruts in Sabah, Malaysia. ''Telopea'' 10 (1): 81-98.
 
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Morikawa, H., A. Higaki, M. Nohno, M. Takahashi, M. Kamada, M. Nakata, G. Toyohara, Y. Okamura, K. Matsui, S. Kitani, K. Fujita, K. Irifune & N. Goshima. 1998. More than a 600-fold variation in nitrogen dioxide assimilation among 217 plant taxa. ''Plant, Cell and Environment'' 21: 180-190.
 
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Obbens, F. J., & L. W. Sage. 2004. Vegetation and flora of a diverse upland remnant of the Western Australian wheatbelt (Nature Reserve A21064). ''Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia'' 87 (1): 19-28.
 
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Ohba, H. 1988. The alpine flora of the Nepal Himalayas: An introductory note. In ''The Himalayan Plants'' vol. 1 (H. Ohba & S. B. Malla, eds.) ''The University Museum, University of Tokyo, Bulletin'' 31: 19-46.
 
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Panitsa, M., & D. Tzanoudakis. 1998. Contribution to the study of the Greek flora: Flora and vegetation of the E Aegean islands Agathonisi and Pharmakonisi. ''Willdenowia'' 28: 95-116.
 
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Pohl, G., & I. Lenski. 2004. Zur Verbreitung und Vergesellschaftung von ''Pennisetum orientale'' Rich. in Nordeuböa (Griechenland) (Poaceae, Paniceae). ''Senckenbergiana Biologica'' 83 (2): 209-223.
 
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Thorne, R. F. 2000. The classification and geography of the flowering plants: Dicotyledons of the class Angiospermae (subclasses Magnoliidae, Ranunculidae, Caryophyllidae, Dilleniidae, Rosidae, Asteridae, and Lamiidae). ''The Botanical Review'' 66: 441-647.
 
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Yannitsaros, A. 1998. Additions to the flora of Kithira (Greece) I. ''Willdenowia'' 28: 77-94.
 
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'''Credits'''
 
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[[User:Christopher|Christopher]] 04:58, 21 March 2009 (UTC)
 

Latest revision as of 05:03, 7 December 2012

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