Orbiliaceae

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The Orbiliaceae are a small family of basal [[Pezizomycotina|euascomycetes]] that have recently been distinguished as a separate class on their own, the Orbiliomycetes. One of the most distinctive features of the Orbiliaceae is the carnivorous habits of many of its [[anamorph]]s (if a fungus can be said to be carnivorous). The [[hypha]]e of ''Arthrobotrys'' and its allies grow in small rings, like a lasso. If a [[Nematoda|nematode]] should crawl through the loop, the loop tightens, trapping the worm. The fungus can then absorb its victim's nutrients.
The Orbiliaceae are a small family of basal [[Pezizomycotina|euascomycetes]] that have recently been distinguished as a separate class on their own, the Orbiliomycetes. One of the most distinctive features of the Orbiliaceae is the carnivorous habits of many of its [[anamorph]]s (if a fungus can be said to be carnivorous). The [[hypha]]e of ''Arthrobotrys'' and its allies grow in small rings, like a lasso. If a [[Nematoda|nematode]] should crawl through the loop, the loop tightens, trapping the worm. The fungus can then absorb its victim's nutrients.
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== Composition ==
 
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[[Pezizomycotina|<==]]Orbiliaceae [Orbiliales, Orbiliomycetes]
 
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  |--anam. ''Gamsylella''
 
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  |--anam. ''Anguillospora''
 
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  |--anam. ''Dactylella oviparasitica''
 
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  |--anam. ''Dactylellina'' [incl. ''Dactylosporium'', ''Kafiaddinia'', ''Laridospora'']
 
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  |--anam. ''Dicranidion'' [incl. ''Pedilospora'']
 
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  |--anam. ''Drechslerella'' [incl. ''Dactylariopsis'', ''Golovinia'']
 
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  |--anam. ''Dwayaangam''
 
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  |--anam. ''Helicoon''
 
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  |--anam. ''Lecophagus''
 
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  |--anam. ''Tridentaria''
 
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  |--anam. ''Trinacrium'' [incl. ''Retiarius'']
 
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  |--''Hyalorbilia''
 
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  |    `--''‘Orbilia’ inflatula''
 
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  |--''Orbilia'' (see below for synonymy)
 
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  |    |--''O. aristata'' [incl. *''Radotinea caudata'' Velenovsky 1934]
 
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  |    `--''O.'' (subg. ''Hemiorbilia'') ''junci'' Kohlmeyer ''et al.'' 1998
 
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  `--anam. ''Arthrobotrys'' (see below for synonymy)
 
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        |--''‘Monacrosporium’ cionopagum''
 
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        |--''‘Monacrosporium’ ellipsosporum''
 
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        |--''‘Duddingtonia’ flagrans''
 
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        |--''A. oligospora''
 
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        `--''‘Monacrosporium’ rutgeiensis''
 
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anam. ''Arthrobotrys'' [incl. ''Candelabrella'', ''Didymozoophaga'', ''Duddingtonia'', ''Geniculifera'', ''Monacrosporiella'', ''Monacrosporium'', ''Nematophagus'', ''Woroninula'']
 
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Orbilia [incl. ''Cheilodonta'', ''Habrostictis'', ''Hyalinia'', ''Orbiliaster'', ''Orbiliella'', ''Radotinea'' Velenovsky 1934]
 
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<nowiki>*</nowiki> Type species of genus indicated
 
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== References ==
 
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Eriksson, O. E. (ed.) 1999. Notes on ascomycete systematics. Nos 2440-2755. ''Myconet'' 2: 1-41.
 
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Eriksson, O. E., H. O. Barah, R. S. Currah, K. Hansen, C. P. Kurtzman, T. Laessøe & G. Rambold (eds.) 2003. Notes on ascomycete systematics. Nos 3580-3623. ''Myconet'' 9: 91-103.
 
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Kerry, B. R., & W. M. Hominick. 2002. Biological control. In ''The Biology of Nematodes'' (D. L. Lee, ed.) pp. 483-509. Taylor & Francis: Florence (Kentucky).
 
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Lee, D. L. 2002. Behaviour. In ''The Biology of Nematodes'' (D. L. Lee, ed.) pp. 369-387. Taylor & Francis: Florence (Kentucky).
 
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Latest revision as of 03:15, 11 February 2013

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