Placentalia

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  [[Eutheria|<==]]Placentalia (see below for synonymy)
  [[Eutheria|<==]]Placentalia (see below for synonymy)
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    |  ''i. s.'': ''Ernanodon antelios''
 
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    |        ''Paracosoryx wilsoni''
 
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    |        ''Plioceros dehlini''
 
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    |        ''Colodon occidentalis''
 
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    |        ''Todralestes variabilis''
 
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    |        ''Tingamarra'' Godthelp, Archer ''et al.'' 1992
 
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    |          `--*''T. porterorum'' Godthelp, Archer ''et al.'' 1992
 
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    |        ''Kharmerungulatum'' Prasad, Verma ''et al.'' 2007
 
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    |          `--*''K. vanvaleni'' Prasad, Verma ''et al.'' 2007
 
     |--+--[[Chiroptera]]
     |--+--[[Chiroptera]]
     |  `--[[Cetferungulata]]
     |  `--[[Cetferungulata]]
     `--+--Euarchontaglires
     `--+--Euarchontaglires
       |    |--[[Euarchonta]]
       |    |--[[Euarchonta]]
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       |    `--+--''Sinomylus''
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       |    `--[[Glires]]
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      |      `--[[Glires]]
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       `--+--[[Lipotyphla]]
       `--+--[[Lipotyphla]]
           `--+--[[Afrotheria]]
           `--+--[[Afrotheria]]
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             `--+--[[Xenarthra]]
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             `--[[Xenarthra]]
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                `--Palaeanodonta
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                    |  ''i. s.'': ''Palaeanodon'' Matthew 1918
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                    |          `--''P. ignavus'' Matthew 1918
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                    |        ''Eurotamandua'' Storch 1981
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                    |          `--''E. joresi''
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                    |        ''Tubulodon'' [incl. ''Alocodontulum'', ''Pentapassalus'']
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                    |        ''Propalaeanodon''
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                    |--''Auroratherium'' [Epoicotheriidae]
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                    |    `--''A. sinense''
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                    |--''Metacheiromys'' Wortman 1903 [Metacheiromyidae]
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                    |    |--''M. dasypus''
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                    |    `--''M. marshi''
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                    `--Escavadodontidae
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                          |--''Escavadodon'' Rose & Lucas 2000
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                          |    `--*''E. zygus'' Rose & Lucas 2000
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                          `--''Amelotabes''
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Placentalia [Afroinsectiphilia, Altungulata, Anagalida, Archonta, Boreoeutheria, Bruta, Centetoidea, Cheiroptères, Dilambdodonta, Edentata, Educabilia, Eparctocyona, Epitheria, Gyrencephala, Laurasiatheria, Pantomesaxonia, Pedimanes, Unguiculata, Ungulata, Ungulatomorpha, Volitantia, Zalambdodonta]
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<nowiki>*</nowiki> Type species of generic name indicated
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==An Alternative Hypothesis==
==An Alternative Hypothesis==
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== References ==
== References ==
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Asher, R. J., J. Meng, J. R. Wible, M. C. McKenna, G. W. Rougier, D. Dashzeveg & M. J. Novacek. 2005. Stem Lagomorpha and the antiquity of Glires. ''Science'' 307: 1091-1094.
 
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Asher, R. J., M. J. Novacek & J. H. Geisler. 2003. Relationships of endemic African mammals and their fossil relatives based on morphological and molecular evidence. ''Journal of Mammalian Evolution'' 10 (1-2): 131-194.
 
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Bergqvist, L. P., E. A. L. Abrantes & L. dos S. Avilla. 2004. The Xenarthra (Mammalia) of São José de Itaboraí Basin (upper Paleocene, Itaboraian), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ''Geodiversitas'' 26 (2): 323-337.
 
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Cote, S., L. Werdelin, E. R. Seiffert & J. C. Barry. 2007. Additional material of the enigmatic Early Miocene mammal ''Kelba'' and its relationship to the order Ptolemaiida. ''Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA'' 104 (13): 5510-5515.
 
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Delsuc, F., F. M. Catzeflis, M. J. Stanhope & E. J. P. Douzery. 2001. The evolution of armadillos, anteaters and sloths depicted by nuclear and mitochondrial phylogenies: Implications for the status of the enigmatic fossil ''Eurotamandua''. ''Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B – Biological Sciences'' 268: 1605-1615.
 
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Froehlich, D. J. 2002. Quo vadis eohippus? The systematics and taxonomy of the early Eocene equids (Perissodactyla). ''Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society'' 134: 141-256.
 
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Long, J., M. Archer, T. Flannery & S. Hand. 2002. ''Prehistoric Mammals of Australia and New Guinea: One Hundred Million Years of Evolution''. University of New South Wales Press: Sydney.
 
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Meng, J., Y. Hu & C. Li. 2003. The osteology of ''Rhombomylus'' (Mammalia, Glires): Implications for phylogeny and evolution of Glires. ''Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History'' 275: 1-247.
 
Murphy WJ, Pringle TH, Crider TA, Springer MS, Miller W (2007). "[http://genome.cshlp.org/content/17/4/413.long Using genomic data to unravel the root of the placental mammal phylogeny]". Genome Res. 17 (4): 413–21. doi:10.1101/gr.5918807. PMID 17322288. http://genome.cshlp.org/content/17/4/413.long.
Murphy WJ, Pringle TH, Crider TA, Springer MS, Miller W (2007). "[http://genome.cshlp.org/content/17/4/413.long Using genomic data to unravel the root of the placental mammal phylogeny]". Genome Res. 17 (4): 413–21. doi:10.1101/gr.5918807. PMID 17322288. http://genome.cshlp.org/content/17/4/413.long.
Nishihara, H., Hasegawa, M., & Okada, N. (2006). ''[http://www.pnas.org/content/103/26/9929.abstract Pegasoferae, an unexpected mammalian clade revealed by tracking ancient retroposon insertions]''. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 103, 9929-9934.
Nishihara, H., Hasegawa, M., & Okada, N. (2006). ''[http://www.pnas.org/content/103/26/9929.abstract Pegasoferae, an unexpected mammalian clade revealed by tracking ancient retroposon insertions]''. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 103, 9929-9934.
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Patterson, B. 1978. Pholidota and Tubulidentata. In ''Evolution of African Mammals'' (V. J. Maglio & H. B. S. Cooke, eds.) pp. 268-278. Harvard University Press: Cambridge (Massachusetts).
 
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Prasad, G. V. R., O. Verma, A. Sahni, V. Parmar & A. Khosla. 2007. A Cretaceous hoofed mammal from India. ''Science'' 318: 937.
 
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Rose, K. D., & S. G. Lucas. 2000. An early Paleocene palaeanodont (Mammalia, ?Pholidota) from New Mexico, and the origin of Palaeanodonta. ''Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology'' 20 (1): 139-156.
 
Wible, J. R., G. W. Rougier, M. J. Novacek & R. J. Asher. 2007. Cretaceous eutherians and Laurasian origin for placental mammals near the K/T boundary. ''Nature'' 447: 1003-1006.
Wible, J. R., G. W. Rougier, M. J. Novacek & R. J. Asher. 2007. Cretaceous eutherians and Laurasian origin for placental mammals near the K/T boundary. ''Nature'' 447: 1003-1006.

Latest revision as of 06:25, 8 November 2012

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