Taphrinomycotina

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Generally, two simple body plans are found for the production of [[ascus|asci]]: uncovered asci with unicellular growth, or a rudimentary ascocarp with hyphal growth.  That is, these fungi grow either unicellularly or with a sparse [[mycelium]], and their sexual phase normally produces naked asci directly from the ascogenous cells.  Only ''Neolecta'' produces a (primitive) enclosing ''ascocarp''.  Liu & Hall (2004).
Generally, two simple body plans are found for the production of [[ascus|asci]]: uncovered asci with unicellular growth, or a rudimentary ascocarp with hyphal growth.  That is, these fungi grow either unicellularly or with a sparse [[mycelium]], and their sexual phase normally produces naked asci directly from the ascogenous cells.  Only ''Neolecta'' produces a (primitive) enclosing ''ascocarp''.  Liu & Hall (2004).
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== Phylogeny ==
 
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[[Ascomycota|<==]]Taphrinomycotina [Archiascomycetes, Protomycetes]
 
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    |--''Pneumocystis'' Frenkel 1999 [Pneumocystidaceae, Pneumocystidales, Pneumocystidomycetes]
 
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    |    |--''P. carinii'' Frenkel 1999
 
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    |    `--''P. jirovecii'' Frenkel 1999
 
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    `--+--''Schizosaccharomyces'' (see below for synonymy)
 
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      |    |--''S. japonicus''
 
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      |    |--''S. octosporus''
 
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      |    `--''S. pombe''
 
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      `--+--''Neolecta'' [Neolectaceae, Neolectales, Neolectomycetes]
 
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          |    |--''N. irregularis''
 
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          |    `--''N. vitellina''
 
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          `--Taphrinales [Taphrinomycetes]
 
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              |--''Saitoella complicata''
 
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              `--+--''Taphrina'' [Taphrinaceae]
 
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                  |    |--''T. deformans''
 
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                  |    |--''T. padi''
 
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                  |    |--''T. polystichii''
 
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                  |    |--''T. populina''
 
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                  |    |--''T. pruni''
 
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                  |    |--''T. vestergrenii''
 
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                  |    `--''T. wiesneri''
 
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                  `--Protomycetaceae
 
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                      |--''Burenia''
 
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                      |--''Protomycopsis''
 
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                      |--''Taphridium''
 
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                      |--''Volkartia''
 
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                      `--''Protomyces''
 
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                            |--''P. inouyei''
 
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                            |--''P. inundatus''
 
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                            |--''P. lactucaedebilis''
 
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                            |--''P. macrosporus''
 
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                            `--''P. pachydermus''
 
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''Schizosaccharomyces'' [Schizosaccharomycetaceae, Schizosaccharomycetales, Schizosaccharomycetes]
 
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<nowiki>*</nowiki> Type species of generic name indicated
 
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== References ==
 
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Eriksson, O. E., H. O. Barah, R. S. Currah, K. Hansen, C. P. Kurtzman, T. Laessøe & G. Rambold (eds.) 2003. Notes on ascomycete systematics. Nos 3580-3623. ''Myconet'' 9: 91-103.
 
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Eriksson, O. E., H. O. Barah, R. S. Currah, K. Hansen, C. P. Kurtzman, G. Rambold & T. Laessøe (eds.) 2003. Outline of Ascomycota – 2003. ''Myconet'' 9: 1-89.
 
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James, T. Y., F. Kauff, C. L. Schoch, P. B. Matheny, V. Hofstetter, C. J. Cox, G. Celio, C. Gueidan, E. Fraker, J. Miadlikowska, H. T. Lumbsch, A. Rauhut, V. Reeb, A. E. Arnold, A. Amtoft, J. E. Stajich, K. Hosaka, G.-H. Sung, D. Johnson, B. O'Rourke, M. Crockett, M. Binder, J. M. Curtis, J. C. Slot, Z. Wang, A. W. Wilson, A. Schüßler, J. E. Longcore, K. O'Donnell, S. Mozley-Standridge, D. Porter, P. M. Letcher, M. J. Powell, J. W. Taylor, M. M. White, G. W. Griffith, D. R. Davies, R. A. Humber, J. B. Morton, J. Sugiyama, A. Y. Rossman, J. D. Rogers, D. H. Pfister, D. Hewitt, K. Hansen, S. Hambleton, R. A. Shoemaker, J. Kohlmeyer, B. Volkmann-Kohlmeyer, R. A. Spotts, M. Serdani, P. W. Crous, K. W. Hughes, K. Matsuura, E. Langer, G. Langer, W. A. Untereiner, R. Lücking, B. Büdel, D. M. Geiser, A. Aptroot, P. Diederich, I. Schmitt, M. Schultz, R. Yahr, D. S. Hibbett, F. Lutzoni, D. J. McLaughlin, J. W. Spatafora & R. Vilgalys. 2006. Reconstructing the early evolution of Fungi using a six-gene phylogeny. ''Nature'' 443: 818-822.
 
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Keely, S. P., J. M. Fischer & J. R. Stringer. 2003. Evolution and speciation of ''Pneumocystis''. ''Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology'' 50: 624-626.
 
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Schweigkofler, W., K. Lopandic, O. Molnár & H. Prillinger. 2002. Analysis of phylogenetic relationships among Ascomycota with yeast phases using ribosomal DNA sequences and cell wall sugars. ''Organisms Diversity & Evolution'' 2: 1-17.
 
'''Credits'''
'''Credits'''
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intro ATW?, phylogeny CKT071228
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ATW

Revision as of 03:43, 11 February 2013

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